Parkinson's patients in the Brazilian Public Health Policy context.

Abstract

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082016ED3780 Demographic profiles are changing in Brazil and worldwide. If, in the 1950’s, we saw a pyramid represented in age group graphs, the trend for 2060 is that we will probably see a rectangle.(1) This means we are aging, and individuals aged over 60 years, in Brazil, will account for approximately 33.7% of the entire population.(2) That is an alarming number for society as a whole, especially for Public Health managers who need new strategies to cope with the impact this will bring to everyone. We need to have detailed knowledge of demographic, social, cultural, economic and health-related aspects, among others, when referring to certain population segments, such as in the case of seniors. They acquire representation in societies, and this must be translated as the main foundation for the establishment of policies to meet the demands of these contingents, whether these policies are public or private,(3) because aging is a process linked to all of society, and it should not be met with discrimination. With this new reality, it is expected that diseases that are characteristic of seniors start to be more prevalent. That is the case with Parkinson’s disease (PD), the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease with long survival time in the world. Parkinson’s disease often affects individuals still in their productive phase, generally at 40 to 50 years old, compromising their quality of life and aging, and it is one of the most expensive neurological diseases of old age. (4,5) In Brazil, reporting of PD is not compulsory, which results in a merely estimated number of its prevalence in Brazil. It is estimated as 220 thousand patients, and there are international studies that suggest this number will increase by more than double that by 2030.(6) However, if we take into account that, in 2009, the country had an over-60 population of approximately 21 million people.(7) According to a research carried out in a city in the interior of the state of Minas Gerais (MG), Parkison’s patients accounted for 3.3% of this over-60 population,(8) which means over 630,000 people suffering from PD. The numbers are alarming due to the huge health care charges the disease brings. Parkinson’s disease patients are the ones who most use health services and need medication for the rest of their lives, they are more likely to be admitted to hospitals due to their disease or other correlated factors, and need home care Parkinson’s patients in the Brazilian Public Health Policy context

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082016ED3780

Cite this paper

@article{Bovolenta2016ParkinsonsPI, title={Parkinson's patients in the Brazilian Public Health Policy context.}, author={T{\^a}nia Maria Bovolenta and Andre C Felicio}, journal={Einstein}, year={2016}, volume={14 3}, pages={7-9} }