Parieto-frontal interactions, personal space, and defensive behavior.

  title={Parieto-frontal interactions, personal space, and defensive behavior.},
  author={Michael S. A. Graziano and Dylan F. Cooke},
  volume={44 6},
In the monkey brain, two interconnected cortical areas have distinctive neuronal responses to visual, tactile, and auditory stimuli. These areas are the ventral intraparietal area (VIP) and a polysensory zone in the precentral gyrus (PZ). The multimodal neurons in these areas typically respond to objects touching, near, or looming toward the body surface. Electrical stimulation of these areas evokes defensive-like withdrawing or blocking movements. These areas have been suggested to participate… CONTINUE READING
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