Parenting with Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission

@article{Doepke2014ParentingWS,
  title={Parenting with Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission},
  author={Matthias Doepke and Fabrizio Zilibotti},
  journal={CEPR Discussion Paper Series},
  year={2014}
}
We develop a theory of parent-child relations that rationalizes the choice between alternative parenting styles (as set out in Baumrind 1967). Parents maximize an objective function that combines Beckerian altruism and paternalism towards children. They can affect their children’s choices via two channels: either by influencing children’s preferences or by imposing direct restrictions on their choice sets. Different parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive) emerge as… 
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TLDR
A reformation of Baumrind's typology of authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles in the context of adolescent school performance is developed and tested using a large and diverse sample of San Francisco Bay Area high school students.
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