Parenting Styles and Adolescents' Self-Esteem in Brazil

  title={Parenting Styles and Adolescents' Self-Esteem in Brazil},
  author={Isabel Mart{\'i}nez and Jos{\'e} Fernando Garc{\'i}a and Santiago Yubero},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  pages={731 - 745}
This study explored the relationship between parenting styles and self-esteem among 1,239 11- to 15-yr.-old Brazilian adolescents (54% girls; M age = 13.4 yr., SD=1.4). Teenagers' families were classified into 1 of 4 groups (Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, or Neglectful) based on adolescents' answers to the ESPA29 Parental Socialization Scale. Participants completed the AF5 Multidimensional Self-Esteem Scale which appraises five dimensions: Academic, Social, Emotional, Family, and… 

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