Parenteral nutrition-related bone disease.

  title={Parenteral nutrition-related bone disease.},
  author={Winston W. K. Koo},
  journal={JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition},
  volume={16 4},
Parenteral nutrition (PN)-related bone disease remains a problem in patients of all ages. Understanding of the pathogenesis of PN-related bone disease is complicated by the effect of underlying illnesses, therapeutic interventions, and pre-existing nutrition deficiencies before the initiation of PN therapy. Interrelation of various nutrients, for example, calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D, in their effects on bone mineralization, demands simultaneous assessment of the role of multiple… CONTINUE READING