Parental presence during induction of anesthesia: physiological effects on parents.

  title={Parental presence during induction of anesthesia: physiological effects on parents.},
  author={Zeev N. Kain and Alison A Caldwell-Andrews and Linda C. Mayes and Shu-Ming Wang and Dawn M Krivutza and Megan E LoDolce},
  volume={98 1},
BACKGROUND The authors conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether parental presence during induction of anesthesia (PPIA) is associated with parental physiologic and behavioral manifestations of stress. METHODS Children and their parents (N = 80) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (1) PPIA; (2) PPIA plus 0.5 mg/kg oral midazolam; and (3) control (no PPIA or midazolam). The effect of the group assignment on parental heart rate (HR), parental blood pressure, and… CONTINUE READING
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