Parental leave: The impact of recent legislation on parents’ leave taking

  title={Parental leave: The impact of recent legislation on parents’ leave taking},
  author={Wen-Jui Han and Jane Waldfogel},
We use data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation to examine the impact of leave entitlements on unpaid leave usage by men and women after the birth of a child from 1991 to 1999. The results indicate that legislation providing the right to unpaid leave has not affected men’s leave usage. The results for women are mixed: in some specifications, leave entitlements are associated with increased leave taking or longer leaves, but the results depend on how we define leave coverage. Our… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Parental Leave Policies and Parents&Apos; Employment and Leave-Taking
  • Wen-Jui Han, C. Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of policy analysis and management : [the journal of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management]
  • 2009
The main finding is that leave expansions are associated with increased leave-taking by both mothers and fathers, and the magnitudes of the changes are small in absolute terms but large relative to the baseline for men and much greater for college-educated or married mothers than for their less- educated or single counterparts. Expand
Parental Leave Legislation and Women's Work: A Story of Unequal Opportunities
U.S. federal and state family leave legislation requires employers to provide job-protected parental leave for new mothers covered under the legislation. In most cases the leave is unpaid, and rarelyExpand
The direct impact of maternity benefits on leave taking: Evidence from complete fertility histories.
The main result of the paper is that maternity leave legislation in Europe effectively increases job protection and female labour market attachment: a more generous paid maternity leave increases the number of weeks employed but not at work, but reduces thenumber of weeks spent out of the labour market. Expand
Does Maternity Leave Pay Off? Evidence from a Recent Reform in Australia
Based on recent family policy changes in Australia's statutory paid maternity leave entitlement, this article provides empirical evidence on the relationship between family policy and mothers'Expand
The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes
Using data from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY-97), we examine the effects of California's first in the nation government-mandated paid family leave programExpand
How Do Employment Protection and Parental Leave Benefits Affect Mother's Post-Birth Careers?
Parental leave policies encourage mothers of newborn children to stay home and take care of their children. Two key instruments of parental leave policies are duration of job protection and benefitsExpand
The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes
Robust evidence is obtained that the California program doubled the overall use of maternity leave, increasing it from an average of three to six weeks for new mothers--with some evidence of particularly large growth for less advantaged groups. Expand
Paid Parental Leave and Female Labour Supply: A Review
This review is based on the international and Australian literature on paid parental leave. It does not aim to be exhaustive but focuses on the impact paid parental leave has on the labour forceExpand
Fathers' use of parental leave. What do we know?
This paper reviews the the literature on fathers use of parental leave. Parental leave is a work-life reconciliation instrument with great potential to bring about a more equal distribution of paidExpand
Who benefits from paid family leave? Impact of expansions in Canadian paid family leave on maternal employment and transfer income
This paper estimates the impact of a recent expansion in Canadian paid family leave from 25 to 50 weeks on maternal employment and transfer income. It finds the expansion coincided with increases inExpand


The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe
This study investigates the economic consequences of rights to paid parental leave in nine European countries over the 1969 through 1993 period. Since women use virtually all parental leave in mostExpand
The impact of the family and medical leave act
This article uses data from employer surveys and the March Current Population Survey to investigate the impact of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) on coverage, leave-taking, employment, andExpand
Labor Supply Effects of State Maternity Leave Legislation
25% of all employed US mothers of newborns are on either paid or unpaid leave. The proportion of new mothers which is employed but not at work shrinks rapidly as the child ages so that virtually allExpand
Parental Leave and Child Health
  • C. Ruhm
  • Medicine
  • Journal of health economics
  • 2000
There is a much stronger negative relationship between leave durations and post-neonatal or child fatalities than for perinatal mortality, neonatal deaths, or low birth weight, which suggests that parental leave may be a cost-effective method of bettering child health. Expand
Fathers and Parental Leave
This research examined the parental leave-taking behaviors and attitudes of a sample of 550 U.S. men whose wives/partners were pregnant, in a longitudinal design that assessed them during the middleExpand
Effects of Public and Private Policies on Working after Childbirth
This study investigates the impact of parental leave laws, policies that help families balance work and family life, and the supply, cost, and quality of substitutes for the mother's time on how soonExpand
Family leave coverage in the 1990s
This article examines family leave coverage in the 1990s, a period of particular interest because it includes the years immediately before and after the passage of the Family and Medical Leave ActExpand
Family and medical leave: evidence from the 2000 surveys
Seven years after the Family and Medical Leave Act, more employees are taking leave for family or medical reasons, and fewer report that they need leave, but are unable to take it; many employersExpand
The Work-Employment Distinction Among New Mothers
CPS data for 1979 to 1988 are used to examine the determinants of employment, actual work, and maternity leave for women in the year following childbirth. Women with better market skills (higherExpand
Impact on the family
Title: The association between emotional and behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorder and psychological distress in their parents: a systematic review and meta-analysis Authors:Expand