Parental Monitoring and Peer Influences on Adolescent Substance Use

  title={Parental Monitoring and Peer Influences on Adolescent Substance Use},
  author={Laurence D. Steinberg and Anne C. Fletcher and Nancy K. Darling},
Objective. To examine the joint influences of parental monitoring and peer influence on adolescent substance use over time. Subjects. 6500 adolescents attending six high schools in Wisconsin and northern California. Design. Longitudinal study. Results. Parental monitoring was negatively associated with substance use, whereas the more involved an adolescent's peers were in substance use, the more likely he or she also was to use drugs and alcohol. Effects of monitoring and peer coercion were… 
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