Parental Leave and Domestic Work of Mothers and Fathers: A Longitudinal Study of Two Reforms in West Germany

  title={Parental Leave and Domestic Work of Mothers and Fathers: A Longitudinal Study of Two Reforms in West Germany},
  author={Pia Schober},
  journal={Journal of Social Policy},
  pages={351 - 372}
  • Pia Schober
  • Published 7 January 2014
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Social Policy
Abstract Following two parental leave reforms in West Germany, this research explores how child care and housework time changed among couples who have just had a child. The reform in 1992 extended the low paid or unpaid parental leave period, whereas the 2007 reform introduced income-dependent compensation and two ‘daddy months’. This study contributes to the literature by examining different mechanisms on how these reforms were associated with domestic work time in couples. Based on data from… Expand
Change in the gender division of domestic work after mothers or fathers took leave: exploring alternative explanations
ABSTRACT This study investigates how the durations of childcare leaves taken by mothers and fathers in Germany relate to the gender division of housework and childcare after labour market return. ItExpand
Change in the Gender Division of Domestic Work after Mummy or Daddy Took Leave: An Examination of Alternative Explanations
This study investigates how the duration of child care leave taken by mothers and fathers relates to changes in couples’ division of housework and child care after postnatal labour market return inExpand
What Happens after the ‘Daddy Months’? Fathers’ Involvement in Paid Work, Childcare, and Housework after Taking Parental Leave in Germany
The German parental leave reform of 2007 created a new incentive for men to take parental leave by introducing ‘daddy months’: 2 months of well-remunerated leave exclusively reserved for fathers.Expand
Does Fathers’ Care Spill Over? Evaluating Reforms in the Swedish Parental Leave Program
ABSTRACT The aim of reserving months for fathers in the Swedish parental leave system was to increase fathers’ use of leave as well as encourage gender equality in the home and labor market. UsingExpand
Reforms in the Swedish Parental Leave System and their Effects on Gender Equality
The father’s quota in the Swedish parental leave system aims at increasing fathers’ leave use but also gender equality in the home sphere and in the labor market. This study investigates the effectsExpand
Similar Negotiations over Childcare? A Comparative Study of Fathers’ Parental Leave Use in Finland and Sweden
Fathers’ leave use is promoted in many countries, but so far with different success. Major explanations of different usage revolve around economic bargaining between parents and economic constraintsExpand
Impact of a Reform Towards Shared Parental Leave on Continued Fertility in Norway and Sweden
It has been argued that a generous family policy aimed at a gender-equal division of childcare and economic responsibility will have a positive impact on childbearing. In this study, we investigateExpand
Convergence or Divergence? Educational Discrepancies in Work-Care Arrangements of Mothers with Young Children in Germany
This study examines how educational differences in work-care patterns among mothers with young children in Germany changed between 1997 and 2013. Since the mid-2000s, Germany has undergone a paradigmExpand
The Effects of Paternity Leave on Fertility and Labor Market Outcomes
This paper studies the effects of a father quota in the parental leave period on households' labor market and fertility decisions. Identification is based on the 2007 reform of the Spanish familyExpand
Fathers’ Uptake of Parental Leave: Forerunners and Laggards in Sweden, 1993–2010
Abstract Sweden is often considered a forerunner in family change and developments towards less gendered family production patterns. In this study, we focus on recent developments towards moreExpand


Fathers, Parental Leave Policies, and Infant Quality of Life: International Perspectives and Policy Impact
Infant care is no longer purely a private family matter. As more mothers return to paid employment in their child's first year, governments develop provisions to support working parents with veryExpand
The Impact of Taking Parental Leave on Fathers’ Participation In Childcare And Relationships With Children: Lessons from Sweden
In Sweden, government-mandated paid parental leave has been available to both mothers and fathers since 1974. By 2006, each parent had two non-transferable leave months and nine additional months toExpand
Parental Leave - a Policy Evaluation of the Swedish 'Daddy-Month' Reform
Many governments are making attempts to increase fathers' share of parental leave in order to correct for unequal labor market outcomes. Using Swedish data, we ask whether fathers can be encouragedExpand
Unlike many European countries, the US has no national paternity leave policy giving fathers the right to take paid time off work following the birth (or adoption) of a child. Despite this, priorExpand
Using data from the first wave of the Millennium Cohort Study, covering a large birth cohort of children in the UK at age 8 to 12 months, this paper examines the effects of leave-taking and workExpand
Maternity Leave Legislation, Female Labor Supply, and the Family Wage Gap
This paper analyzes the impact of expansions in leave coverage on mothers’ labor market outcomes after childbirth. The focus is on Germany, a country that underwent several changes in maternity leaveExpand
How Mothers and Fathers Share Childcare
In most families today, childcare remains divided unequally between fathers and mothers. Scholars argue that persistence of the gendered division of childcare is due to multiple causes, includingExpand
The Impact of Family-Friendly Policies in Denmark and Sweden on Mothers' Career Interruptions Due to Childbirth
We analyze the impact of family-friendly policies on women’s career breaks due to childbirth in Denmark and Sweden. In both countries, the labour force attachment of mothers is high, and more thanExpand
How policy matters: Germany’s parental leave benefit reform and fathers’ behavior 1999-2009
In 2007, Germany enacted a radical new parental leave benefit scheme that grants parents 67 percent of their previous income, and includes two “daddy months.” In this paper, we use data from theExpand
Family leave policies and women's retention after childbirth: Evidence from the United States, Britain, and Japan
Abstract. This paper uses labour force survey data to examine the employment rates and employment decisions of women with young children in the United States, Britain and Japan. Our results confirmExpand