Parental Leave and Child Health

  title={Parental Leave and Child Health},
  author={Christopher J Ruhm},
  booktitle={Journal of health economics},
  • C. Ruhm
  • Published in Journal of health economics 2000
  • Medicine
This study investigates whether rights to parental leave improve pediatric health. [...] Key Method Aggregate data are used for 16 European countries over the 1969 through 1994 period. More generous paid leave is found to reduce deaths of infants and young children. The magnitudes of the estimated effects are substantial, especially where a causal effect of leave is most plausible. In particular, there is a much stronger negative relationship between leave durations and post-neonatal or child fatalities than…Expand
Parental Leave and Child Health Across OECD Countries
The effects of other social policies related to families and young children, such as public expenditures on family cash benefits, family allowances, and family services per child, on child health outcomes are explored. Expand
Paid Parental Leave and Child Health in Australia
Providing mothers with access to paid parental leave may be an important public policy to improve child and maternal health. Using extensive information from the Longitudinal Study of AustralianExpand
Did California Paid Family Leave Impact Infant Health?
  • Ariel Marek Pihl, G. Basso
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of policy analysis and management : [the journal of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management]
  • 2019
This paper investigates the effects of paid parental leave policies on infant health by exploiting the introduction of California Paid Family Leave, the first program in the U.S. that specifically provides working parents with paid time off for bonding with a newborn. Expand
The Effect of Paid Parental Leave on Child Health in Australia
It is shown that paid parental leave entitlements reduce the probability of a child having multiple ongoing health conditions, but do not significantly affect any single condition. Expand
The effects of parental leave on child health and postnatal care: Evidence from Australia
Examining the effects of parental leave on measures of child health and the provision of health inputs to the child found that parental leave around childbirth was significantly associated with prolonged breastfeeding, up-to-date immunisation and other positive effects on some chronic health conditions such as asthma, bronchiolitis. Expand
The Effects of Parental Employment and Parental Leave on Child Health and Development
Although the effects of family leave policies on labour market outcomes has received some attention, much less is known about the relationship between leave entitlements and child health. Expand
Parental Leave Policies and Child Development: A Review of Empirical Findings
Parental leave policies are a major policy tool used across OECD countries to support families before and after child birth. There are large differences across countries in the amount and theExpand
Does maternity leave affect child health? Evidence form Parental Leave in Australia survey
The results show that mothers who take maternity leave are more likely to breastfeed their children and also that longer-term maternity leave is associated with an increase in the duration of breastfeeding, and the effects of PPL on these conditions is ambiguous. Expand
Population Health and Paid Parental Leave: What the United States Can Learn from Two Decades of Research
This document is intended as a critical review of the present evidence for the association between paid parental leave and population health. Expand
Paid Parental Leave and Children's Schooling Outcomes
This article investigates whether schooling outcomes at age 15 are affected by the duration of maternity leave, i.e. the time mothers spend at home with their new‐born before returning to work. WeExpand


The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe
This study investigates the economic consequences of rights to paid parental leave in nine European countries over the 1969 through 1993 period. Since women use virtually all parental leave in mostExpand
Heterogeneity, intrafamily distribution and child health
This paper outlines a simple dynamic model of child health incorporating uncertainty to demonstrate the complexity of household decision rules concerning the allocation of resources to and acrossExpand
Policy Watch: The Family and Medical Leave Act
This article summarizes the provisions of the Family and Medical Leave Act, its possible effects on labor markets, and the resulting changes in the ability of workers to take leave. The authorExpand
Demographic consequences of maternal-leave programs in industrial countries: evidence from fixed-effects models.
The extension of maternal leave programs, measured in terms of duration of paid leave, is shown to reduce infant mortality, to raise rates of labor force participation for women in the prime childbearing ages, and to increase birth rates, and the findings suggest that maternalLeave programs can facilitate some increases in women's labor force Participation without incurring the reductions in fertility. Expand
Wealthier is healthier
With cross-country, time series data on health (infant and child mortality, and life expectancy) and per capita income, the authors estimate the effect of income on health. They use instrumentalExpand
Time off work and the postpartum health of employed women.
Findings suggest employed women experience problems in well-being at approximately seven months postpartum, andVariables associated with improved health include: longer maternity leaves, fewer prenatal mental health symptoms, fewer concurrent physical symptoms, more sleep, increased social support, increased job satisfaction, less physical exertion on the job, fewer infant symptoms, and less difficulty arranging child care. Expand
Labor Supply Effects of State Maternity Leave Legislation
25% of all employed US mothers of newborns are on either paid or unpaid leave. The proportion of new mothers which is employed but not at work shrinks rapidly as the child ages so that virtually allExpand
The Technology of Birth: Health Insurance, Medical Interventions, and Infant Health
Among teen mothers and high school dropouts, who were largely uninsured before being made eligible for Medicaid, eligibility for this program was associated with significant increases in the use of a variety of obstetric procedures, suggesting that insurance-induced increases in use of `high tech' treatments can have real effects on outcomes. Expand
The impact of the family and medical leave act
This article uses data from employer surveys and the March Current Population Survey to investigate the impact of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) on coverage, leave-taking, employment, andExpand
Infant Health and the Labor Supply of Mothers
We analyze the relationships among infant feeding, infant health, and the labor supply of mothers using detailed, longitudinal data from the Philippines. We find little evidence that maternal laborExpand