Parental Leave and Child Health

  title={Parental Leave and Child Health},
  author={Christopher J Ruhm},
  booktitle={Journal of health economics},
  • C. Ruhm
  • Published in Journal of health economics 1 May 1998
  • Medicine, Psychology

Parental Leave and Child Health Across OECD Countries

The effects of other social policies related to families and young children, such as public expenditures on family cash benefits, family allowances, and family services per child, on child health outcomes are explored.

Paid Parental Leave and Child Health in Australia

It is implied that the provision of paid parental leave for short periods is unlikely to substantially improve child health on average, but may potentially benefit the health of more disadvantaged children.

Did California Paid Family Leave Impact Infant Health?

  • A. PihlG. Basso
  • Economics
    Journal of policy analysis and management : [the journal of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management]
  • 2019
This paper investigates the effects of paid parental leave policies on infant health by exploiting the introduction of California Paid Family Leave, the first program in the U.S. that specifically provides working parents with paid time off for bonding with a newborn.

The Effect of Paid Parental Leave on Child Health in Australia

It is shown that paid parental leave entitlements reduce the probability of a child having multiple ongoing health conditions, but do not significantly affect any single condition.

The Effects of Parental Employment and Parental Leave on Child Health and Development

Although the effects of family leave policies on labour market outcomes has received some attention, much less is known about the relationship between leave entitlements and child health.

Parental Leave Policies and Child Development: A Review of Empirical Findings

Parental leave policies are a major policy tool used across OECD countries to support families before and after child birth. There are large differences across countries in the amount and the

Does maternity leave affect child health? Evidence form Parental Leave in Australia survey

The results show that mothers who take maternity leave are more likely to breastfeed their children and also that longer-term maternity leave is associated with an increase in the duration of breastfeeding, and the effects of PPL on these conditions is ambiguous.

Population Health and Paid Parental Leave: What the United States Can Learn from Two Decades of Research

This document is intended as a critical review of the present evidence for the association between paid parental leave and population health.

The Effect of Paid Family Leave on Infant and Parental Health in the United States.

  • L. Bullinger
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of health economics
  • 2019



The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe

This study investigates the economic consequences of rights to paid parental leave in nine European countries over the 1969 through 1993 period. Since women use virtually all parental leave in most

Heterogeneity, intrafamily distribution and child health

This paper outlines a simple dynamic model of child health incorporating uncertainty to demonstrate the complexity of household decision rules concerning the allocation of resources to and across

Policy Watch: The Family and Medical Leave Act

This article summarizes the provisions of the Family and Medical Leave Act, its possible effects on labor markets, and the resulting changes in the ability of workers to take leave. The author

Demographic consequences of maternal-leave programs in industrial countries: evidence from fixed-effects models.

The extension of maternal leave programs, measured in terms of duration of paid leave, is shown to reduce infant mortality, to raise rates of labor force participation for women in the prime childbearing ages, and to increase birth rates, and the findings suggest that maternalLeave programs can facilitate some increases in women's labor force Participation without incurring the reductions in fertility.

Wealthier is healthier

The authors use instrumental variables estimation to identify the effect of income on health that is structural and causal, isolated from reverse causation or incidental association, and calculate that in 1990 alone, more than half a million child deaths in the developing world could be attributed to poor economic performance in the 1980s.

Time off work and the postpartum health of employed women.

Findings suggest employed women experience problems in well-being at approximately seven months postpartum, andVariables associated with improved health include: longer maternity leaves, fewer prenatal mental health symptoms, fewer concurrent physical symptoms, more sleep, increased social support, increased job satisfaction, less physical exertion on the job, fewer infant symptoms, and less difficulty arranging child care.

Labor Supply Effects of State Maternity Leave Legislation

25% of all employed US mothers of newborns are on either paid or unpaid leave. The proportion of new mothers which is employed but not at work shrinks rapidly as the child ages so that virtually all

Are Recessions Good For Your Health

The possible importance of cyclical variations in the time costs of medical care or healthy lifestyles and of negative health effects of job-holding are suggested.

The Technology of Birth: Health Insurance, Medical Interventions, and Infant Health

Among teen mothers and high school dropouts, who were largely uninsured before being made eligible for Medicaid, eligibility for this program was associated with significant increases in the use of a variety of obstetric procedures, suggesting that insurance-induced increases in use of `high tech' treatments can have real effects on outcomes.

The impact of the family and medical leave act

This article uses data from employer surveys and the March Current Population Survey to investigate the impact of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) on coverage, leave-taking, employment, and