Parental Alienation Syndrome vs. Parental Alienation: Which Diagnosis Should Evaluators Use in Child-Custody Disputes?

@article{Gardner2002ParentalAS,
  title={Parental Alienation Syndrome vs. Parental Alienation: Which Diagnosis Should Evaluators Use in Child-Custody Disputes?},
  author={Richard A. Gardner},
  journal={The American Journal of Family Therapy},
  year={2002},
  volume={30},
  pages={115 - 93}
}
  • R. Gardner
  • Published 1 March 2002
  • Psychology
  • The American Journal of Family Therapy
Children who have been programmed by one parent to be alienated from the other parent are commonly seen in the context of child-custody disputes. Such programming is designed to strengthen the position of the programming parent in a court of law. Many evaluators use the term parental alienation syndrome (PAS) to refer to the disorder engendered in such children. In contrast, there are evaluators who recognize the disorder, but prefer to use the term parental alienation (PA). The purpose of this… 

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