Parasocial Interaction With Liked, Neutral, and Disliked Characters on a Popular TV Series

  title={Parasocial Interaction With Liked, Neutral, and Disliked Characters on a Popular TV Series},
  author={Qing Tian and Cynthia A. Hoffner},
  journal={Mass Communication and Society},
  pages={250 - 269}
In this study, 174 respondents completed an online questionnaire measuring their responses to a liked, neutral, or disliked character from the ABC drama Lost. Specifically, they reported their perceived similarity, identification while viewing, and parasocial interaction with the character, as well as the extent to which they had tried to change aspects of themselves to be more like the character (“change/influence”). Across the whole sample, perceived similarity was a significant positive… 

Mediated Relationships With TV Characters: The Effects of Perceived and Actual Similarity in Personality Traits

Five TV actors completed the Big Five personality scale for a character they played on a popular Israeli TV comedy. Viewers of each of these series completed the same scales both for themselves and

Mediated relationships with TV characters

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Identification and Parasocial Relationships With Characters From Star Wars: The Force Awakens

  • A. Hall
  • Psychology
    Psychology of Popular Media Culture
  • 2019
This study investigated identification and parasocial relationships (PSRs) with media characters by examining viewers’ responses to the movie Star Wars: The Force Awakens through an online survey of

Differences in Television Viewers’ Involvement: Identification with and Attraction to Liked, Disliked, and Neutral Characters

This study investigated television viewer involvement by examining its occurrence with liked, disliked, and neutral characters. Results indicated that viewers reported more identification (ID) with

Assessing Parasocial Interactions and Relationships in Real Time

Parasocial interaction and parasocial relationships refer to the connections people form with media characters, particularly through watching television. Transportation is a term used to explain

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Parasocial Interaction with Media Characters

The main purpose of this study is to understand the nature of the parasocial interaction with media characters, to have knowledge about the causes, and to review important previous researches on



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Parasocial relations and romantic attraction: Gender and dating status differences

The present study explores the links between individual TV viewers’ working models of attachment (Bowlby, 1980) and the parasocial relations they establish with their favorite TV character. Student

Effects of a prosocial television soap opera in promoting women's status.

Overall, it appears that, while "Hum Log" enjoys a large and dedicated audience, its messages regarding women's equality are not being assimilated on a large scale and its popularity paves the way for future prosocial programming.

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Theory in interpersonal communication usually assumes that people maintain their relationships voluntarily and that they like their relational partners. Neither assumption is necessarily correct.

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This paper considers the phenomenon of parasocial interaction (PSI) used by media researchers to describe the relationship between media users and media figures (from celebrities to fictional

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We developed an encompassing theory that explains how readers of fiction and spectators of motion pictures establish affective relationships with fictional characters (FCs). The perceiving and

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This study examined social and parasocial interaction from interpersonal attribution perspectives. Parasocial interaction is a perceived interpersonal relationship on the part of a television viewer


A conceptual model was developed predicting parasocial interaction from both a social interaction need due to loneliness and instrumental television news use. Questionnaires were completed by 329