Parasocial Interaction: A Review of the Literature and a Model for Future Research

@article{Giles2002ParasocialIA,
  title={Parasocial Interaction: A Review of the Literature and a Model for Future Research},
  author={David C. Giles},
  journal={Media Psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={4},
  pages={279 - 305}
}
  • D. Giles
  • Published 2002
  • Psychology
  • Media Psychology
This paper considers the phenomenon of parasocial interaction (PSI) used by media researchers to describe the relationship between media users and media figures (from celebrities to fictional characters). Although the concept has been used consistently across the past two decades in media research, it is argued here that it has not been sufficiently developed at a theoretical level to be taken up by psychologists. A number of key issues have not been addressed: firstly, how PSI might, as its… Expand
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This study examines a predominant trend in the literature regarding communication and media effects. The purpose of the current study is to examine the extent to which this pattern is identifiable inExpand
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TLDR
The PSI-Process Scales show high usability in all three contexts, with the option to select PSI dimensions and items with respect to the study’s focus, and could be applied without any problems and without any changes in the item wordings. Expand
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Purpose This paper aims to focus its inquiries on the parasocial interactions (PSI) and relationships (PSR) consumers form with personae in online social media communities. The authorsExpand
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OF THE THESIS The Predictors of Parasocial Interaction and Their Effects on Perceived Persuasiveness by Renee E. Rumpf Master of Arts in Communication San Diego State University, 2012 Past researchExpand
Theorizing Parasocial Interactions Based on Authenticity: The Development of a Media Figure Classification Scheme
The relationships viewers develop with media figures have received substantial attention in the scholarship of entertainment. The present research proposes an original four-dimension classificationExpand
Correlates of Parasocial Interactions Across Various Media Figures
Parasocial interactions are one-sided relationships formed between a media spectator and a media figure. The current study examined the association of this phenomenon with loneliness, social anxiety,Expand
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Parasocial interaction and parasocial relationships refer to the connections people form with media characters, particularly through watching television. Transportation is a term used to explainExpand
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The main purpose of this study is to understand the nature of the parasocial interaction with media characters, to have knowledge about the causes, and to review important previous researches onExpand
The PSI-Process Scales. A new measure to assess the intensity and breadth of parasocial processes
Abstract Research on parasocial interactions (PSI) and parasocial relationships (PSR) refers back to a tradition of 50 years. However, research on both phenomena still suffers from overlappingExpand
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References

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Just as with most other communication breakthroughs before it, the initial media and popular reaction to the Internet has been largely negative, if not apocalyptic. For example, it has been describedExpand
Adolescents' TV Relations
In earlier research into the relationships between the adult TV viewer and the TV content consumed by him, three relationships have been mentioned as especially interesting: para-social interactionExpand
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The violent fantasies of such figures as Mark David Chapman, killer of John Lennon, and John Hinckley, would-be assassin of President Reagan, have commonly been interpreted, by professionals andExpand
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In order to analyse "person-to-person" involvement in mass media content between an audience member and a "media personality," the concept of media interaction, which implies that the audience memberExpand
Attribution in Social and Parasocial Relationships
This study examined social and parasocial interaction from interpersonal attribution perspectives. Parasocial interaction is a perceived interpersonal relationship on the part of a television viewerExpand
Parasocial Interaction with People on the Screen
The following paper deals with social interactions of TV viewers with people on the screen, so-called „parasocial interactions“ (Horton & Wohl 1956). It presents the results of an empirical study,Expand
Development of parasocial interaction relationships
The parasocial interaction relationship development process was explored by applying principles of uncertainty reduction theory. Results suggested that parasocial relationship development follows aExpand
Development and validation of a parasocial interaction measure: The audience‐persona interaction scale
This research attempted to develop a multidimensional measure of parasocial interaction. A 47‐item questionnaire derived from qualitative responses was submitted to principal components analysis ‐Expand
Interpersonal and psychological predictors of parasocial interaction with different television performers
The study examined the relationship of interpersonal homophily and self‐esteem with the development of parasocial interaction. “Attitude”; homophily was found to be the strongest predictor, among theExpand
Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet
From the Publisher: A Question of Identity Life on the Screen is a fascinating and wide-ranging investigation of the impact of computers and networking on society, peoples' perceptions ofExpand
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