Parasocial Interaction: A Review of the Literature and a Model for Future Research

@article{Giles2002ParasocialIA,
  title={Parasocial Interaction: A Review of the Literature and a Model for Future Research},
  author={David C. Giles},
  journal={Media Psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={4},
  pages={279 - 305}
}
  • D. Giles
  • Published 1 August 2002
  • Psychology
  • Media Psychology
This paper considers the phenomenon of parasocial interaction (PSI) used by media researchers to describe the relationship between media users and media figures (from celebrities to fictional characters). Although the concept has been used consistently across the past two decades in media research, it is argued here that it has not been sufficiently developed at a theoretical level to be taken up by psychologists. A number of key issues have not been addressed: firstly, how PSI might, as its… 

Parasocial Theory: Concepts and Measures

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Testing a Universal Tool for Measuring Parasocial Interactions Across Different Situations and Media

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Parasocial interactions are one-sided relationships formed between a media spectator and a media figure. The current study examined the association of this phenomenon with loneliness, social anxiety,

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Parasocial interaction and parasocial relationships refer to the connections people form with media characters, particularly through watching television. Transportation is a term used to explain

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