Parasocial Breakups: Measuring Individual Differences in Responses to the Dissolution of Parasocial Relationships

  title={Parasocial Breakups: Measuring Individual Differences in Responses to the Dissolution of Parasocial Relationships},
  author={Jonathan Cohen},
  journal={Mass Communication and Society},
  pages={191 - 202}
  • Jonathan Cohen
  • Published 1 May 2003
  • Psychology
  • Mass Communication and Society
A self-report measure is presented for assessing the expected reactions of television viewers to the loss of parasocial relationships. Based on three separate samples, the measure is validated and used to explore differences in how people react to parasocial breakup. Findings suggest that, although women develop stronger parasocial relationships, they do not react differently than men to expected breakup. Teens, however, expect to be more upset than adults, following parasocial breakup. Results… 

When Good Friends Say Goodbye: A Parasocial Breakup Study

This study examines viewers' reactions to parasocial breakup with mediated characters in light of interpersonal and mass communication theories. Following the airing of the last episode of the

Parasocial Interaction as More Than Friendship

This study supports the refinement of the concept of parasocial interaction (PSI) to apply to mediated personae that viewers might dislike by revealing that participants did experience PSI with disliked characters as well as liked characters, and that the two measures of PSI did not appear to assess the same construct.

McDreamy is McDead: Fan responses to a parasocial break-up

  • V. Kretz
  • Psychology
    Journal of Fandom Studies
  • 2020
Grounded in scholarship regarding post-object fandom, parasocial break-ups and parasocial grief, this research explored tweets regarding the death of a long-running, central character on the TV show

Parasocial Compensation Hypothesis

In America, socializing with friends has become a functional alternative to watching television. Such a drastic change in how we spend free time demands a closer look at media effects. The study at

Parasocial Breakup and Twitter: The Firing of Barb Abney

Audiences can and do form parasocial relationships with media personalities. Media personalities, programs, and stations can use social media to enhance this relationship. More and more stations and

Parasocial Break-Up from Favorite Television Characters: The Role of Attachment Styles and Relationship Intensity

This study examined the responses of television viewers to the potential loss of their favorite television characters. A sample of 381 Israeli adults completed questionnaires, including questions

Valar Morghulis (All Parasocial Men Must Die): Having Nonfictional Responses to a Fictional Character

Previous research has found that parasocial relationships mirror actual social relationships. The purpose of this study is to determine how people reacted to the end of a parasocial relationship per

Attachment Styles and Parasocial Relationships: A Collectivist Society Perspective

In this study we investigate parasocial relationships in media; more specifically we explore why audience members fashion attachments with television personalities. The study aligns with previous

Attachment Styles and Relationship Intensity Parasocial Break-Up from Favorite Television Characters : The Role of

This study examined the responses of television viewers to the potential loss of their favorite television characters. A sample of 381 Israeli adults completed questionnaires, including questions

Parasocial Romance: A Social Exchange Perspective

Parasocial relationships are one-sided relationships that people hold with media figures. Although it has been previously demonstrated that people often feel strong friendships with people that they



Parasocial relations and romantic attraction: Gender and dating status differences

The present study explores the links between individual TV viewers’ working models of attachment (Bowlby, 1980) and the parasocial relations they establish with their favorite TV character. Student

Development of parasocial interaction relationships

The parasocial interaction relationship development process was explored by applying principles of uncertainty reduction theory. Results suggested that parasocial relationship development follows a

Attribution in Social and Parasocial Relationships

This study examined social and parasocial interaction from interpersonal attribution perspectives. Parasocial interaction is a perceived interpersonal relationship on the part of a television viewer

Attachment Styles and Intimate Television Viewing: Insecurely Forming Relationships in a Parasocial Way

Attachment theory was investigated as an alternative inter-personal theory for understanding how audience members form parasocial relationships with television personalities. Attachment theory posits

Compensatory media use: An exploration of two paradigms

This study explores two major theoretical positions concerning social and parasocial interaction. The Deficiency paradigm predicts that individuals most likely to engage in high television

Long-Distance Romantic Relationships: Sex Differences in Adjustment and Breakup

Research has shown that marriage is more beneficial for men than women and that men suffer more distress than women on marital dissolution. To explore the extent to which these findings generalize to

Two sides to the breakup of dating relationships.

Very few studies on the aftermath of relationship breakups have included data from both ex-partners. The major purpose of this study was to examine whether there is any validity to the principle that

Psychological Predictors of Television Viewing Motivation

Our objective was to explore the psychological origins of media gratifications by examining how pertinent psychological variables, based on McGuire's paradigm, help explain television viewing

Breaking up is Hard to do, Especially for Strongly “Preoccupied” Lovers

Abstract Is a relationship breakup harder on certain people? To address this question, the present study investigated the relationship of individuals’ attachment styles to various reported aspects of

Identification as a mediator of celebrity effects

Considerable research has been devoted to the effects of celebrity endorsers on consumer behavior. Most of the research has examined credibility or attractiveness as a determinant of message