Parasitoid fly induces manipulative grave-digging behaviour differentially across its bumblebee hosts

  title={Parasitoid fly induces manipulative grave-digging behaviour differentially across its bumblebee hosts},
  author={Rosemary L. Malfi and Staige E. Davis and T’ai H. Roulston},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
Alterations of host behaviour in response to parasitism are widely documented. Modified host behaviour is considered an adaptive manipulation when it is induced by and provides a clear benefit to the parasite. Variability in the response of host organisms to parasitic manipulations can result in some hosts being more suitable than others if failure to induce a behaviour has fitness costs for the parasite. Individuals of the European bumblebee Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera, Apidae) that are… Expand
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