Parasitism versus mutualism in the ant-garden parabiosis between Camponotus femoratus and Crematogaster levior


Ant-gardens represent a special type of association between ants and epiphytes. Frequently, two ant species can share the same nest in a phenomenon known as ‘parabiosis’, but the exact nature (i.e., mutualistic or parasitic) of this interaction is the subject of debate. We thus attempted to clarify the mutual costs and benefits for each partner (ants and… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00040-007-0914-0


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Citations per Year

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