Parasitism of Monarch Butterflies (Danaus Plexippus) by Lespesia Archippivora (Diptera: Tachinidae)

@inproceedings{Oberhauser2007ParasitismOM,
  title={Parasitism of Monarch Butterflies (Danaus Plexippus) by Lespesia Archippivora (Diptera: Tachinidae)},
  author={Karen S. Oberhauser and Ilse Gebhard and Charles Cameron and Suzanne Oberhauser},
  year={2007}
}
ABSTRACT Lespesia archippivora is a widespread generalist parasitoid whose hosts include monarch butterfly larvae. [] Key Method Data were collected in 21 U.S. states and one Canadian province, with focus sites in Wisconsin, Michigan and North Carolina. Overall, approximately 13% of monarch larvae contained tachinid flies. Parasitism rates varied by year, and this variation was, to a large extent, region-wide. For example, larvae collected in 2000–2002 throughout the Upper Midwestern U.S. suffered…
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The present study is concerned with the biology of Lespesia archip pivora (Riley), a tachinid parasite of the monarch butterfly, Danans plexippns (L.). This tachinid was purposely introduced from
Progeny allocation by the parasitoid Lespesia archippivora (Diptera: Tachinidae) in larvae of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
TLDR
By consistently allotting small broods to hosts, L. archippivora adults may reduce strong competition between offspring and maximize successful parasitization, thereby resulting in highly fit females.
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TLDR
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