Parasitic lung infections

  title={Parasitic lung infections},
  author={Vannan Kandi Vijayan},
  journal={Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine},
  • V. Vijayan
  • Published 1 May 2009
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Purpose of review Global climate change and population explosion leading to changes in natural ecosystem and travel across the continents have resulted in an increase in the transmission of parasites to human beings. This review focuses on recent advancements in parasitic lung infections. Recent findings Invasive parasitic diseases including lung infections are increasingly being reported in patients with immunodeficiency syndromes. A recombinant kinesin-related antigen of Leishmania donovani… 

Emerging and established parasitic lung infestations.

Parasitic Infections Associated with Unfavourable Outcomes in Transplant Recipients

Solid organ and bone marrow transplantations, blood transfusions and immunosuppressive treatment are associated with a small but real risk of parasitic infections in European citizens, especially in patients with severe parasitic infection.

Diagnosis of Pulmonary Parasitic Diseases

  • V. Vijayan
  • Medicine
    Parasitic Diseases of the Lungs
  • 2013
The protozoal and helminthic parasites that traverse the respiratory tract during their life cycles can cause lung diseases, though the most common habitats of these parasites are the

Parasitic Diseases of the Lung

This review provides a comprehensive view of both helminthic and protozoal parasitic diseases that affect the respiratory system, especially the central airways.

Importance of Nonenteric Protozoan Infections in Immunocompromised People

Information on the diagnosis and treatment of nonenteric protozoal diseases in immunocompromised people, with a focus on patients infected with HIV is reviewed.

Infectious Lung Disease

Ancillary studies such as histochemical stains, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, or molecular techniques may be needed to identify the organism in tissue sections or for further characterization, such as speciation.

Tropical Lung Diseases

Demographic characteristic and analysis of pulmonary paragonimiasis in patients attending RIMS, Manipur

There is a need to generate awareness among the clinicians and public regarding Paragonimiasis and to consider it in differential diagnosis of TB and carcinoma lung among patients who present with chest complaints with eosinophilia from the endemic regions.

Parasites of the air passages.

This review provides a comprehensive view of both helminthic and protozoal parasitic diseases that affect the respiratory system, especially the airways.

Public Health Significance of Foodborne Helminthiasis: A Systematic Review

Foodborne diseases, caused by biological as well as chemical agents, have an impact in both developing and developed nations and there is a need to strengthen veterinary services in order to reduce the occurrence of such diseases in livestock population.



How to diagnose and manage common parasitic pneumonias

  • V. Vijayan
  • Medicine
    Current opinion in pulmonary medicine
  • 2007
This review outlines the recent developments in the diagnosis and management of parasitic pneumonias and indicates that proper diagnosis is made early, the pneumonia can be treated successfully with currently available drugs.

Parasitic diseases of the respiratory tract

  • A. Kuzucu
  • Medicine, Biology
    Current opinion in pulmonary medicine
  • 2006
Although most parasites that affect the lung are endemic to tropical and subtropical regions, immigration and travel practices have resulted in transfer of these diseases to other areas.

Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia: pathogenesis, diagnosis and management

  • V. Vijayan
  • Medicine
    Current opinion in pulmonary medicine
  • 2007
A chronic mild interstitial lung disease has been found to persist in tropical pulmonary eosinophilia despite treatment and it is suggested that interleukin-4 induces and interferon-γ suppresses filarial-induced airway hyperresponsiveness.

Artemisinins for schistosomiasis and beyond.

The effect of artemisinin-based combination therapy on young children co-infected with Plasmodium sp and Schistosoma haematobium is described, and the promising activity of art Artemisinins against intestinal and liver flukes in vivo, as well as against cancer cells is reviewed.

Diagnosis of pulmonary infection with Toxoplasma gondii in immunocompromised HIV-positive patients by real-time PCR

PCR for detecting T. gondii in BAL samples should be performed in all immunosuppressed HIV-positive patients with symptoms of a systemic infection of unknown etiology, and Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis does not exclude concomitant infection with T. Gondii.

[Pleuro-pulmonary paragonimiasis].

Some paradoxical aspects of this disease are underlined such as: underdiagnosis despite a very simple diagnostic procedure, or opposite tendencies according to location, either extinction or re-emergence.

Clinical and diagnostic management of toxoplasmosis in the immunocompromised patient.

Clinical manifestations, diagnostic procedures and management strategies for toxoplasmosis can be improved by performing real-time PCR protocols and classical serological diagnosis is often inconclusive.

Lesson of the Week: Katayama fever: an acute manifestation of schistosomiasis

Diagnosis is on clinical grounds as there is no definitive serological or immunological test, and conventional antibody titres may take three months or more to become positive, so the diagnosis is often missed.