Parasites, desiderata lists and the paradox of the organism.

@article{Dawkins1990ParasitesDL,
  title={Parasites, desiderata lists and the paradox of the organism.},
  author={Richard Dawkins},
  journal={Parasitology},
  year={1990},
  volume={100 Suppl},
  pages={
          S63-73
        }
}
  • R. Dawkins
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Biology
  • Parasitology
Eavesdrop morning coffee at any major centre of evolutionary theory today, and you will find ‘parasite’ to be one of the commonest words in the language. Parasites are touted as prime movers in the evolution of sex, promising the final solution to that problem of problems, the puzzle that led G. C. Williams to proclaim in 1975 ‘a kind of crisis’ at hand in evolutionary biology (Hamilton, 1980; Tooby, 1982; Seger & Hamilton, 1988). Parasites seem to offer a plausible justification for the… 
On the origins of parasite-extended phenotypes.
  • D. Hughes
  • Biology
    Integrative and comparative biology
  • 2014
TLDR
It is argued that this is a more difficult task than understanding the evolution of textbook examples of novelty such as the eyes of vertebrates or the hooves of horses, and new tools such as phylogenomics provide an important opportunity to make significant progress in understanding the extended phenotypes of parasites.
Germ cell parasitism as an ecological and evolutionary puzzle: hitchhiking with positively selected genotypes
TLDR
Three evolutionary selected mechanisms reduce opportunities for parasitic forms to hitchhike to a high frequency with selected genotypes, and may shape more benign germ cell parasitic forms that share overlapping future expectations with their hosts.
Host manipulation by Ligula intestinalis: accident or adaptation?
TLDR
A series of game-theoretic models of adaptive host manipulation illustrate a potential rationale for a size-dependent manipulation strategy in parasites and reduce the parsimony of the alternative ‘incidental effect’ hypothesis.
The Hamiltonian view of social evolution
The evolution of parasite manipulation of host behaviour: a theoretical analysis.
TLDR
This evolutionary analysis indicates that ecological and life history variables may have played an important role in the evolution of manipulation of host behaviour by parasites.
Parasites as scouts in behaviour research
TLDR
It is argued that parasites make use of behaviour programs that already existed in their hosts rather than creating host behaviour de novo, to differentiate between superficially similar but separate behaviour syndromes.
Parasites and the Immune System
TLDR
As animals become larger and more complex, as their individual life spans increase, and as their internal environments improve, the adaptive immune system of these species shows a phylogenetic increase in sophistication.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES
Sex versus non-sex versus parasite
TLDR
It is shown that with frequency dependence sufficiently intense such models generate cycles, and that in certain states of cycling sexual species easily obtain higher long-term geometric mean fitness than any competing monotypic asexual species or mixture of such.
The evolution of genetic diversity
  • B. Clarke
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1979
TLDR
The evidence for pervasive frequency-dependent selection is now very strong and can explain the maintenance not only of conventional polymorphism but also of continuous variation in both molecular and morphological characters.
Host life-history variation in response to parasitism
TLDR
This paper will only consider parasites whose ‘unfavourable impact’ adversely affects the birth and/or mortality rates of their hosts and ignores intraspecific genetic variation present within both host and parasite populations.
The Population Biology of Parasite-Induced Changes in Host Behavior
  • A. Dobson
  • Biology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1988
TLDR
Analysis of simple mathematical models for the population dynamic consequences of parasite behavior suggests that both asexual reproduction of the parasite within a host and parasite-induced reduction in host fecundity may be stabilizing mechanisms when they occur in the intermediate hosts of parasite species with indirect life cycles.
Host and Parasite Counteradaptations: An Example from a Freshwater Snail
TLDR
Overall, the results suggest that increased survivorship in trematode-infected L. elodes is a parasite strategy for providing a stable, longterm resource for the parasite.
The theory of sex allocation.
  • E. Charnov
  • Biology
    Monographs in population biology
  • 1982
This book is the first comprehensive treatment of sex allocation from the standpoint of modern evolutionary theory. It shows how the determination of sex ratio, resource allocation to sperm versus
Reactive Plant Tissue Sites and the Population Biology of Gall Makers
TLDR
The evolution of the plant-gall maker interaction is complicated by the fact that galls are phenotypic entities that develop under the influence of both plant and insect genotypes.
Parasitism and Host Behaviour
TLDR
Parasitic relationships, C.C.Thompson opportunism in parasite life cycles, R.N.Tinsley a phylogenetic perspective on the evaluation of altered host behaviours - a critical look at the manipulation hypothesis.
HOST CASTRATION AS A PARASITIC STRATEGY
  • M. Baudoin
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1975
TLDR
The "destruction or alteration of (the host's) gonad tissue by parasites" (Noble and Noble, 1971) is widely referred to as parasitic castration and has recently gained recognition in a number of parasitology textbooks.
Evolutionary Consequences of Intracellular Organelle Competition
TLDR
It is proposed that in certain circumstances natural selection favors intraorganismal reproductive competition between different varieties of organelle DNA, and in other circumstances selection favors competition between organelle and nuclear DNA.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...