Paraplegia: prolonged standing using closed-loop functional electrical stimulation and Andrews ankle-foot orthosis.

@article{Davis1999ParaplegiaPS,
  title={Paraplegia: prolonged standing using closed-loop functional electrical stimulation and Andrews ankle-foot orthosis.},
  author={Ross Otto Davis and Thierry Houdayer and Brian Andrews and Andrew Barriskill},
  journal={Artificial organs},
  year={1999},
  volume={23 5},
  pages={418-20}
}
One T10 paraplegic male (CS) implanted in 1991 with a Nucleus FES-22 stimulator has been able to achieve closed-loop standing for 1 h. The knee angles are monitored by electrogoniometers, resulting in the quadriceps stimulation time being less than 10%. Stance stability is achieved by the Andrews anterior ankle-foot orthosis (AFO). The use of accelerometers for trunk inclination and vertical acceleration during controlled stand-to-sit, diminishes slamming onto the seat. CS does one-handed tasks… CONTINUE READING
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