Parametric Computation: History and Future

  title={Parametric Computation: History and Future},
  author={John Hamilton Frazer},
  journal={Architectural Design},
  • J. Frazer
  • Published 1 March 2016
  • Art
  • Architectural Design
John Frazer is a pioneer and leader in the field of generative design and evolutionary computation. In the 1970s he developed the world's first microcomputer-based design systems and invented tangible interfaces. Professor at the European Graduate School, he is the author of the seminal book An Evolutionary Architecture (1995). Here he traces the history of parametric architecture and discusses how, in its second state, redefined as Parametricism 2.0, Parametricism opens up the possibilities to… 
Overall, the paper depicts how “Parametricism 2.0” intends to go back to solving socio-environmental problems; Problems that all the existing evolutionary and generative techniques were initially designed in order to answer them.
Parametric architecture: the second international style
The possibility of presenting parametric architecture and its products globally as a second international style, though currently in the stage of formation, is demonstrated, as its fundamental principles are based on the idea of renewal and revolutionary rejection of all that has preceded it.
Parametric Design: Theoretical Development and Algorithmic Foundation for Design Generation in Architecture
This chapter presents the theoretical foundation of parametric design for design generation in architecture, including various fundamental concepts and applications that underpinparametric design, and concludes with a discussion of the impact ofParametric design on architecture.
“Architectural Formulas” in Cultural Built Heritage by Parametric Digital Modelling
  • R. Spallone, M. Vitali
  • Computer Science
    2018 Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (MetroArchaeo)
  • 2018
The idea of verifying the existence of a “parametric thinking” in the Cultural Built Heritage, recognizing the parameters that could have guided the architectural composition and re-creating their relationships using tools of parametric digital modelling is the focus of the present proposal.
Parametric Modeling as a Tool of Analysis and Interpretation of Built Heritage
This chapter develops, using parametric modeling tools, a real vocabulary of shapes and their possible combinations, suggested by the architectural literature of the time and the survey of about seventy atria in Turin.
Parametric Design Modelling in Urban Art: Approaches and Future Directions
  • T. Leung
  • Art
    Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Architecture: Heritage, Traditions and Innovations (AHTI 2019)
  • 2019
A review of different possibilities and approaches of parametric modelling adapted by artists and architects in the realm of urban art to shield light on new possibilities and future directions ofparametric modelling in both fields of architectural design and urban art.
Adopting Parametric Modeling as an Efficient Conceptual Design Representation Tool
Results revealed that parametric design enhanced creativity within the trainees according to thorough evaluation, and has improved their design process, bridged the gap between physical and digital model and enhanced their capabilities to modify and develop their architectural designs.
Parametric Design and Kansei Engineering in Goblet Styling Design
A computer-aided product design method for goblet styling design based on parametric design derived from an adjustable cam mechanism and Kansei engineering, which was used for shape evaluation is developed.


Parametricism as Style - Parametricist Manifesto
Contemporary avant-garde architecture is addressing the demand for an increased level of articulated complexity by means of retooling its methods on the basis of parametric design systems. The
Parametric Design for Architecture
This book discusses the characteristics of a parametric system, and some examples of parametric systems in use today include the examples of the Swiss Pavilion, the Austrian Pavilion, and the NURBS surface.
Elements of Parametric Design
Computer-aided design systems are increasingly parametric - that is, they represent designs that change with their input data, which gives more control and capability to designers, but require much more comprehensive understanding to be used effectively.
Parametric modelling is a term widely used to describe a range of modelling approaches. This paper proposes a taxonomy that distinguishes types of parametric modelling in the way they support
Recovering Ada: Finding Our Way Home Through Sensuous Correspondence
  • European Graduate School,
  • 2015
The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Vol I: A New Framework for Architecture and Vol II: A New Agenda for Architecture
  • 2011
The Application of Rule-based Techniques in Computer Aided Design’, doctorate thesis supervised by John Frazer
  • University of Ulster,
  • 1996
Struttura come forma’, Spazio
  • 1951