Paralympic medicine

@article{Webborn2012ParalympicM,
  title={Paralympic medicine},
  author={N. Webborn and P. Vliet},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2012},
  volume={380},
  pages={65-71}
}
Paralympic medicine describes the health-care issues of those 4500 or so athletes who gather every 4 years to compete in 20 sports at the Summer Paralympic Games and in five sports at the Winter Paralympic Games. Paralympic athletes compete within six impairment groups: amputation or limb deficiencies, cerebral palsy, spinal cord-related disability, visual impairment, intellectual impairment, or a range of physically impairing disorders that do not fall into the other classification categories… Expand
Sports Medicine Considerations for the Paralympic Athlete
TLDR
This review summarizes commonly observed musculoskeletal injuries that affect athletes with disabilities, including athletes using sports wheelchairs for competition, athletes with amputations, Athletes with cerebral palsy, and athletes with visual impairment. Expand
Cardiovascular diseases in Paralympic athletes
TLDR
PA present an unexpected high prevalence of CV abnormalities, including a non-trivial proportion of diseases at risk for sudden death, such as arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies and dilated aortic root, which suggests that tailored recommendations for preparticipation screening and safe SP in this special athletic population are timely and appropriate. Expand
Physiologic and Clinical Features of the Paralympic Athlete's Heart.
TLDR
Cardiac remodeling in Paralympic athletes differed by disability and sport discipline, and those with SCI lesions and engaging in nonendurance disciplines were associated with the smallest left ventricular cavity and mass and lowest VO2 peak. Expand
Preparing for Events for Physically Challenged Athletes
TLDR
The medical team preparation for events involving physically challenged athletes should include obtaining appropriate medical supplies, ensuring disability-compatible access to medical areas, and preparing for emergency extraction from adaptive equipment. Expand
Illness Among Paralympic Athletes: Epidemiology, Risk Markers, and Preventative Strategies.
TLDR
The epidemiology of illness (risk, patterns, and predictors) in Paralympic athletes and practical guidelines for illness prevention are provided. Expand
Aerobic fitness is a potential crucial factor in protecting paralympic athletes with locomotor impairments from atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk
TLDR
It is suggested that having higher VO2peak seems to offer greater protection against ACVD in individuals with a locomotor impairment, and prescribing physical exercise at an intensity similar to that of endurance and intermittent sports should become a fundamental tool to promote health among people with a railway impairment. Expand
Paralympic athletes’ perceptions of their experiences of sports-related injuries, risk factors and preventive possibilities
TLDR
Paralympic athletes’ perceptions of their experiences of sports-related injuries are complex and multifactorial, and in several ways differ from able-bodied athletes, which needs to be considered in the sports health and safety work within the Paralympic Movement. Expand
Medication and Supplement Use in Disability Football World Championships
TLDR
It is well established that medications and supplements are overused in sport, particularly within professional football, but there is no current evidence on medication or supplement use in elite disability football. Expand
Heat-related issues and practical applications for Paralympic athletes at Tokyo 2020
TLDR
This review aims to provide an overview of heat-related issues for Paralympics athletes alongside current recommendations to reduce thermal strain and technological advancements in the lead up to the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games. Expand
Paralympics Should be Integrated into Main Olympic Games
Paralympic Games (PG), involving people with disabilities (PWD), are a manifestation of excellence in sport. They show that athletics performed by PWD counts as genuine sport. They also support aExpand
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Technology in Paralympic sport: performance enhancement or essential for performance?
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Technology must match the individual requirements of the athlete with the sport in order for Paralympians to safely maximise their performance, and any potential increase in mechanical performance from an assistive device must be considered holistically with the compensatory consequences the disability creates. Expand
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The mandate to have minimal impact on the health services of Vancouver and the Olympic Corridor while offering excellent medical services to the Games was accomplished and this data will be valuable to future organizing committees. Expand
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TLDR
Athletes regulated their average work intensity during the field tests in the five Paralympic sports to approximate their individualized VT measured during incremental arm cranking exercise test, and this intensity was within the range recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine to improve cardiorespiratory fitness in well-trained subjects. Expand
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TLDR
There are 3 key areas in which technology has influenced sports performance in Paralympic winter sports, namely, specialized prostheses, crutch skis or outriggers (in lieu of poles), and sport-specific wheelchairs (such as the sit-ski). Expand
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TLDR
Examination of incidence proportion and characteristics of athlete injuries sustained during the 2010 Vancouver Paralympic Games will assist future Organizing Committees with the delivery of medical care to athletes with a disability and guide future injury prevention research. Expand
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TLDR
The injury patterns observed among winter Paralympians in this study are not appreciably different from able-bodied athletes competing in similar disciplines, although in many instances the risk factors for sport-specific injury appear to be unique to disabled or adapted competition. Expand
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TLDR
Boosting is the intentional induction of autonomic dysreflexia to enhance performance and was deemed a banned method by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) in 1994. Expand
Boosting in athletes with high-level spinal cord injury: knowledge, incidence and attitudes of athletes in paralympic sport
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Findings indicate the need for educational programmes directed towards enhancing the AD knowledge of rehabilitation professionals, coaches and trainers working with SCI individuals. Expand
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