Parallel Processing and Image Analysis in the Eyes of Mantis Shrimps

  title={Parallel Processing and Image Analysis in the Eyes of Mantis Shrimps},
  author={Thomas W. Cronin and Justin N. Marshall},
  journal={The Biological Bulletin},
  pages={177 - 183}
The compound eyes of mantis shrimps, a group of tropical marine crustaceans, incorporate principles of serial and parallel processing of visual information that may be applicable to artificial imaging systems. Their eyes include numerous specializations for analysis of the spectral and polarizational properties of light, and include more photoreceptor classes for analysis of ultraviolet light, color, and polarization than occur in any other known visual system. This is possible because… 

Visual Adaptations in Crustaceans: Chromatic, Developmental, and Temporal Aspects

This chapter reviews the latest state of knowledge in crustacean vision concentrating on three areas: spectral sensitivities, ontogenetic development of spectral sensitivity, and the temporal properties of photoreceptors from different environments.

Neuroarchitecture of the color and polarization vision system of the Stomatopod haptosquilla

The aim of this study was to begin to analyze the underlying neuroarchitecture, the design of which might reveal clues how the visual system interprets and communicates to deeper levels of the brain the multiple channels of information supplied by the retina.

Tuning of photoreceptor function in three mantis shrimp species that inhabit a range of depths. II. Filter pigments

The changes in filter density and spectrum increased absolute sensitivity in retinas of animals living at greater depths, and tuned their long-wavelength photoreceptors for improved function in the bluer light available in deep water.

Tuning of photoreceptor function in three mantis shrimp species that inhabit a range of depths. I. Visual pigments

This work characterized the visual pigment complements of three species of stomatopod crustaceans, Haptosquilla trispinosa, Gonodactylellus affinis, and Gonodactsylopsis spongicola, which are unusual for this group in that each lives at depths from the subtidal to several tens of meters.

Learning in Stomatopod Crustaceans

Among the most captivating of all arthropods are the stomatopod crusta- ceans, or mantis shrimps, which are abundant members of shallow marine ecosystems, where they are often the dominant invertebrate predators.

Exceptional Variation on a Common Theme: The Evolution of Crustacean Compound Eyes

This review presents the most recent ideas of how crustacean compound eyes have evolved and shows how eyes that are based on fundamentally different optical principles can in fact be derived from each other and thus be closely related through common descent.

Polarization image sensors: Learning from biology to make the invisible visible

Some animals, such as crustaceans, arthropods, insects and aquatic creatures can detect a characteristic of light - polarization, that is invisible to humans. Different approaches of polarization

Discriminative sensing techniques

This paper explores the parallels between some of those biological systems and the various design concepts being developed for discriminative imaging, drawing on activity supported by the UK Electro-Magnetic Remote Sensing Defence Technology Centre.



The Compound Eyes of Mantis Shrimps (Crustacea, Hoplocarida, Stomatopoda). I. Compound Eye Structure: The Detection of Polarized Light

Structural evidence is presented that stomatopod crustaceans have the receptors necessary for colour and polarization vision, and that all retinular cells in rows one to four of the mid-band, and the distal most retInular cells over most of the retina, are not sensitive to polarized light.

A unique colour and polarization vision system in mantis shrimps

The arrangement of tiered microvilli in two other midband rows suggests that they provide a unique form of polarization vision, which may be adapted in a unique manner for colour and polarization vision.

A retina with at least ten spectral types of photoreceptors in a mantis shrimp

The absorption spectra of the coloured filters and the visual pigments in frozen sections of retinae of a typical species, Pseudosquilla ciliata, of stomatopod crustaceans are measured using end-on microspectrophotometry.

The Compound Eyes of Mantis Shrimps (Crustacea, Hoplocarida, Stomatopoda). II. Colour Pigments in the Eyes of Stomatopod Crustaceans: Polychromatic Vision by Serial and Lateral Filtering

These adaptations include brightly coloured intrarhabdomal filters, apparent lateral filters and a photoreceptor tiering system unique to the crustacea which allow the spectrum of light available to stomatopods to be sampled over a broad spectral range by receptors with narrowly tuned sensitivities.

Ultraviolet vision: The colourful world of the mantis shrimp

It is found that the mantis shrimp, Neogonodactylus oerstedii, has at least four types of photoreceptor for ultraviolet light that are located in cells of the eye known as R8 cells, indicating that the remarkable colour-vision system in these stomatopod crustaceans may be unique, as befits their habitat of kaleidoscopically colourful tropical coral reefs.

Eye Design and Color Signaling in a Stomatopod Crustacean Gonodactylus smithii

Color vision in G. smithii is therefore not exclusively adapted to detect its own color signals, but the spectral tuning of some photoreceptors enhances the contrast of certain color signals to a large enough degree to make co-evolution between color vision and these rather specific color signals likely.

Ultraviolet photoreception in mantis shrimp

Regional Specialization for Control of Ocular Movements in the Compound Eyes of a Stomatopod Crustacean

It is concluded that ommatidia of the dorsal and ventral hemispheres of each compound eye are essential for ocular tracking in G. oerstedii and the midband appears to play no major role in this activity.


  • Jones
  • Biology
    The Journal of experimental biology
  • 1994
The relationship between the number of types of fibre and classes of eye movement is discussed, as are the implications of coordinate prime movers for neuromuscular control.