Parahippocampal cortex activation during context reinstatement predicts item recollection.

@article{Diana2013ParahippocampalCA,
  title={Parahippocampal cortex activation during context reinstatement predicts item recollection.},
  author={Rachel A. Diana and Andrew P. Yonelinas and Charan Ranganath},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  year={2013},
  volume={142 4},
  pages={
          1287-97
        }
}
Episodic memory is the binding of an event with information about the context in which that event (or item) was experienced. The context of an event may include its spatial and temporal location as well as goal-directed, conscious thoughts evoked during the event. We call this latter type of information cognitive context. The binding of items and context (BIC) theory of medial temporal lobe function proposes that the parahippocampal cortex (PHc) plays a key role in processing cognitive context… 

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