Pandora's Breeches: Women, Science and Power in the Enlightenment

  title={Pandora's Breeches: Women, Science and Power in the Enlightenment},
  author={Patricia Fara},
  • P. Fara
  • Published 18 January 2011
  • Education
Had God intended Women merely as a finer sort of cattle, he would not have made them reasonable.' Writing in 1673, Bathsua Makin was one of the first women to insist that girls should receive a scientific education. Despite the efforts of Makin and her successors, women were excluded from universities until the end of the nineteenth century, yet they found other ways to participate in scientific projects. Taking a fresh look at history, Pandora's Breeches investigates how women contributed to… 
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Historically women have been excluded from the domain of science since antiquity. Women were viewed as lacking the attributes necessary to carry out rational thought. However, women such as American
Learned modesty and the first lady's comet: a commentary on Caroline Herschel (1787) ‘An account of a new comet’
  • Emily Winterburn
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2015
Long before women were allowed to become Fellows of the Royal Society, or obtain university degrees, one woman managed to get her voice heard, her discovery verified and her achievement celebrated, that was Caroline Herschel, who found ways to fit comet discoveries into her domestic life, and present them in ways that were socially acceptable.
Introduction setting the scene: An insight into the "gender divide" in science and technological advancement
As some of the most significant achievements of the creative human mind, one would expect scientific discoveries and technological innovation to be gender-neutral by nature, but in practice these