Pan genome of the phytoplankton Emiliania underpins its global distribution

@article{Read2013PanGO,
  title={Pan genome of the phytoplankton Emiliania underpins its global distribution},
  author={Betsy Read and Jessica U Kegel and Mary J. Klute and Alan Kuo and Stephane C. Lefebvre and Florian Maumus and Christoph Mayer and John B. Miller and Adam Monier and Asaf A. Salamov and Jeremy Young and Maria Aguilar and Jean-Michel Claverie and Stephan Frickenhaus and Karina Gonz{\'a}lez and Emily K. Herman and Yao-Cheng Lin and Johnathan A. Napier and Hiroyuki Ogata and Analissa F. Sarno and Jeremy Shmutz and Declan C. Schroeder and Colomban de Vargas and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Verret and Peter von Dassow and Klaus Ulrich Valentin and Yves Van de Peer and Glen L Wheeler and Joel B. Dacks and Charles F. Delwiche and Sonya T. Dyhrman and Gernot Gl{\"o}ckner and Uwe John and Thomas A. Richards and Alexandra Z. Worden and Xiaoyu Zhang and Igor V. Grigoriev},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2013},
  volume={499},
  pages={209-213}
}
Coccolithophores have influenced the global climate for over 200 million years. These marine phytoplankton can account for 20 per cent of total carbon fixation in some systems. They form blooms that can occupy hundreds of thousands of square kilometres and are distinguished by their elegantly sculpted calcium carbonate exoskeletons (coccoliths), rendering them visible from space. Although coccolithophores export carbon in the form of organic matter and calcite to the sea floor, they also… 

Poleward expansion of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi

It is postulate that E. huxleyi may be more sensitive to recent environmental changes than to changing ocean carbonate chemistry, partly because increased availability of CO2(aq) likely alleviates a carbon limitation for the inefficient Rubisco enzyme in these algae.

Phenotypic Variability in the Coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi

The results demonstrate that inter-strain genetic variability has greater potential to induce larger phenotypic differences than the phenotypesic plasticity of single strains cultured under a broad range of variable environmental conditions, and highlights the need to reconsider phenotypeic variability in paleoproxy calibrations and model parameterizations to adequately translate findings from single strain laboratory experiments to the real ocean.

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The smallest phytoplankton species are key actors in oceans biogeochemical cycling and their abundance and distribution are affected with global environmental changes. Among them, algae of the

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The complete chromosome-scale assembled genome sequence of Pelagomonas calceolata is reported, revealing the ecological importance of P. calcelata and laying the foundation for a global scale analysis of the adaptation and acclimation strategies of picoalgae in a changing environment.

The role of ocean acidification in Emiliania huxleyi coccolith thinning in the Mediterranean Sea

Ocean acidification is a result of the uptake of an-thropogenic CO 2 from the atmosphere into the ocean and has been identified as a major environmental and economic threat. The release of several

Inter- and intra-specific responses of coccolithophores to CO 2 -induced ocean acidification

It is determined that the responses of coccolithophores to ocean acidification are inter- and intra-specific, and this variation may cause changes to biodiversity and other ecosystem processes in the future ocean.

Repeated species radiations in the recent evolution of the key marine phytoplankton lineage Gephyrocapsa

F fossil and genomic data are combined to show the latest shift in phytoplankton Gephyrocapsa was coincident with a species radiation and suggest that previous shifts have also resulted from cycles of radiation and extinction.

Genome Sequence of Chrysotila roscoffensis, a Coccolithphore Contributed to Global Biogeochemical Cycles

The genome of C. roscoffensis will provide a foundation for understanding the genetic and phenotypic diversification and calcification mechanisms of coccolithophores, and gene families related to cytoskeleton, cellular motility and morphology, and ion transport were expanded.
...

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