Pan African culture: Memes and genes in wild chimpanzees

@article{Whiten2007PanAC,
  title={Pan African culture: Memes and genes in wild chimpanzees},
  author={Andrew Whiten},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year={2007},
  volume={104},
  pages={17559 - 17560}
}
  • A. Whiten
  • Published 6 November 2007
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
As decades-long studies of primates and other taxa have accumulated, there has been in-creasing recognition of local behavioral differences that circumstantial evidence suggests are socially transmitted cultural variants or “memes” (1, 2). Field studies of chimpanzees have been particularly bountiful, revealing as many as 39 such behavioral variants across Africa (3). However, without experimental intervention, it is difficult to reject alternative explanatory hypotheses appealing to genetic… 
‘Culturas de Chimpanzés’: uma revisão contemporânea das definições em uso
‘Chimpanzee culture’s’ idea is a very important topic because chimpanzees are, genetically and behaviorally, the closest animals to humans. A critical assessment of these phenomena will certainly
Buccal dental microwear variability in extant African Hominoidea: taxonomy versus ecology
TLDR
The results suggest that ecological adaptations at subspecies or population level account for differences in microwear patterns, which are attributed to habitat and ecological conditions within populations rather than differences between species.
Culture and intelligence: anthropological reflections on non-physical aspects of evolution in chimpanzees and humans.
TLDR
The work discusses the idea based on transmission mechanisms and social learning as well as anthropological and paleoanthropological concepts of culture that associate such phenomena, among modern humans, to their symbolic and cognitive abilities.
Mind the Gap
On theoretical grounds, one expects all human societies to share a common structural denominator, or deep social structure, which would describe both the unity of human society across cultures and
Inclusive heritability: combining genetic and non-genetic information to study animal behavior and culture
TLDR
This work builds on the tools of quantitative genetics and offers the concept of ‘inclusive heritability’ which identifies and unifies the various mechanisms of information transmission across generations and may advance the integration of multiple forms of inheritance into the study of evolution.
The Evolution and Development of Human Social Cognition
Humans’ ancestors experienced intense selection pressures to develop enhanced social-cognitive abilities, facilitating the coevolution of an extended childhood, larger brain, and increased social
Epigenetically facilitated mutational assimilation: epigenetics as a hub within the inclusive evolutionary synthesis
TLDR
Epicetics appears as a hub by which non‐genetically inherited environmentally induced variation in traits can become genetically encoded over generations, in a form of epigenetically facilitated mutational assimilation.
“Juggling” Behavior in Wild Hainan Gibbons, a New Finding in Nonhuman Primates
TLDR
The study determined that the juggling behavior of Hainan gibbons, in the process of their brachiation, helps them accurately judge the distance and support strength of an object.
Metacarpal trabecular architecture variation in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): Evidence for locomotion and tool-use?
TLDR
Examining differences between samples, it is found that the Cameroon chimpanzees possess a more robust architecture across all metacarpals in the form of greater bone volume fraction, higher connectivity, and somewhat more plate-like structure.
Technology as Human Social Tradition: Cultural Transmission among Hunter-Gatherers
Preface Acknowledgments Note on Data Sets 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Northwest Siberia 4. Pacific Northwest Coast 5. Northern California 6. Conclusions Appendix: Mantel Matrix Correlations
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
Phylogenetic analyses of behavior support existence of culture among wild chimpanzees
TLDR
Cl cladistic analyses of the major cross-site behavioral data set are used to test the hypothesis that the behavioral differences among the best-documented chimpanzee populations are genetically determined and support the suggestion that thebehavior patterns are the product of social learning and, therefore, can be considered cultural.
Cultures in chimpanzees
TLDR
It is found that 39 different behaviour patterns, including tool usage, grooming and courtship behaviours, are customary or habitual in some communities but are absent in others where ecological explanations have been discounted.
Transmission of Multiple Traditions within and between Chimpanzee Groups
TLDR
Robust experimental evidence is provided that alternative foraging techniques seeded in different groups of chimpanzees spread differentially not only within groups but serially across two further groups with substantial fidelity, offering the first experimental evidence that a nonhuman species can sustain unique local cultures.
Orangutan Cultures and the Evolution of Material Culture
TLDR
A correlation between geographic distance and cultural difference, a correlation between the abundance of opportunities for social learning and the size of the local cultural repertoire, and no effect of habitat on the content of culture mean that great-ape cultures exist and may have done so for at least 14 million years.
A phylogenetic approach to cultural evolution.
TLDR
It is argued that language trees can be used to test hypotheses about not only cultural history and diversification, but also bio-cultural adaptation.
The evolution of animal ‘cultures’ and social intelligence
Decades-long field research has flowered into integrative studies that, together with experimental evidence for the requisite social learning capacities, have indicated a reliance on multiple
Towards a unified science of cultural evolution.
TLDR
It is argued that studying culture within a unifying evolutionary framework has the potential to integrate a number of separate disciplines within the social sciences and to borrow further methods and hypotheses from biology.
Sex differences in learning in chimpanzees
TLDR
It is found that there are distinct sex-based differences, akin to those found in human children, in the way in which young chimpanzees develop their termite-fishing skills.
The animal cultures debate.
TLDR
It is suggested that, rather than attributing behaviour to explanatory categories, researchers would often be better advised to partition variance in behaviour to alternative sources.
Cross-site differences in foraging behavior of white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus).
TLDR
Foraging traditions are predicted in Cebus because of many behavioral and morphological convergences between this genus and the great apes, and long-term data from three Costa Rican field sites are used to identify potential foraging traditions in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus).
...
1
2
...