Pan African culture: Memes and genes in wild chimpanzees

  title={Pan African culture: Memes and genes in wild chimpanzees},
  author={Andrew Whiten},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={17559 - 17560}
  • A. Whiten
  • Published 6 November 2007
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
As decades-long studies of primates and other taxa have accumulated, there has been in-creasing recognition of local behavioral differences that circumstantial evidence suggests are socially transmitted cultural variants or “memes” (1, 2). Field studies of chimpanzees have been particularly bountiful, revealing as many as 39 such behavioral variants across Africa (3). However, without experimental intervention, it is difficult to reject alternative explanatory hypotheses appealing to genetic… 
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