Palliative percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage: assessment of morbidity and mortality.

@article{Olak1986PalliativePT,
  title={Palliative percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage: assessment of morbidity and mortality.},
  author={Jemi Olak and Lawrence A. Stein and Jonathan L. Meakins},
  journal={Canadian journal of surgery. Journal canadien de chirurgie},
  year={1986},
  volume={29 4},
  pages={243-6}
}
The results of palliative percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage were assessed retrospectively in 16 cases and prospectively in 7 between 1982 and 1985. Causes of biliary obstruction were metastatic cancer (nine), pancreatic cancer (nine), cholangiocarcinoma (three) and gallbladder cancer (two). Internal drainage was established in 78.3%. In the 19 patients who died, the mean duration of drainage was 3.6 months. Early morbidity was 17.4%. Late septic morbidity occurred in 11 patients (48… CONTINUE READING
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