Palliative percutaneous drainage in malignant biliary obstruction. Part 2: Mechanisms and postprocedure management.

Abstract

Malignant biliary obstruction frequently is associated with pruritus, anorexia, cholangitis, or hyperbilirubinemia; this difficult complication precludes the use of antineoplastic agents that are excreted or metabolized via the liver. In patients with low biliary obstruction, endoscopic stent placement may accomplish drainage of the entire biliary tree… (More)

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