Paleoindian Seafaring, Maritime Technologies, and Coastal Foraging on California’s Channel Islands

  title={Paleoindian Seafaring, Maritime Technologies, and Coastal Foraging on California’s Channel Islands},
  author={Jon M. Erlandson and Torben C. Rick and Todd J. Braje and Molly R. Casperson and Brendan J Culleton and Brian K. Fulfrost and Tracy Garcia and Daniel A. Guthrie and Nicholas P. Jew and Douglas J. Kennett and Madonna L. Moss and Leslie A. Reeder and Craig E. Skinner and Jack Watts and Lauren M. Willis},
  pages={1181 - 1185}
Archaeological sites reveal a variety of tools used to hunt marine birds, mammals, and fish 12,000 years ago. Three archaeological sites on California’s Channel Islands show that Paleoindians relied heavily on marine resources. The Paleocoastal sites, dated between ~12,200 and 11,200 years ago, contain numerous stemmed projectile points and crescents associated with a variety of marine and aquatic faunal remains. At site CA-SRI-512 on Santa Rosa Island, Paleocoastal peoples used such tools to… 

Maritime Paleoindian technology, subsistence, and ecology at an ~11,700 year old Paleocoastal site on California’s Northern Channel Islands, USA

Research at CA-SRI-26, a roughly 11,700 year old site on California’s Santa Rosa Island, provides new data on Paleoindian technologies, subsistence strategies, and seasonality in an insular maritime setting.

A Paleocoastal Site Complex from Santarosae Island, California

ABSTRACT Four recently identified sites from eastern Santa Rosa Island contain flaked-stone artifacts diagnostic of Paleocoastal occupations between ∼13,000 and 8000 calendar years ago. The largest

Soils and terrestrial sediments on the seafloor: Refining archaeological paleoshoreline estimates and paleoenvironmental reconstruction off the California coast

On global, regional, and local scales, sea level histories and paleoshoreline reconstructions are critical to understanding the deep history of human adaptations in island and coastal settings. The

Searching for Santarosae: Surveying Submerged Landscapes for Evidence of Paleocoastal Habitation Off California’s Northern Channel Islands

During the Pleistocene, California’s Northern Channel Islands were parts of the paleo-island of Santarosae, colonized by maritime peoples at least 13,000 years ago. Since the last glacial maximum,

Archaeological survey, paleogeography, and the search for Late Pleistocene Paleocoastal peoples of Santa Rosa Island, California

Abstract The northern Pacific Coast is an important area for understanding human colonization of the Americas, but Late Pleistocene coastal sites are rare and interglacial sea level rise has

Coastal Erosion and Archaeological Site Formation Processes on Santa Rosa Island, California

On California’s northern Channel Islands, marine erosion is actively destroying many archaeological sites, including large coastal villages and other permanent settlements. This permanently limits

Paleocoastal Lithic use on Western Santarosae Island, California

California's Northern Channel Islands have produced several Paleocoastal assemblages that include some of the most intricate and finely crafted lithic technologies in the Americas. Current

Prehistoric Coastal Adaptations at Seaside, Oregon: Vertebrate Fauna From the Palmrose and Par-Tee Sites

  • R. Colten
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
Analysis of a sample of the vertebrate fauna indicates differences between the two assemblages despite overlapping ages and close proximity, and the habitats represented by the fauna vary and the fish assemblage are strikingly different.

Waterfowl and Lunate Crescents in Western North America: The Archaeology of the Pacific Flyway

California and Great Basin archaeologists have long discussed and debated the function of chipped stone crescents found in Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene sites in the Far West of North

Seventy Years of Archaeological Research on California’s Farallon Islands

ABSTRACT The Farallon Islands are a cluster of small islands ∼32 km off the coast of San Francisco Bay. These islands total < 1 km2 in area and lack surface freshwater, but are home to scores of



From Pleistocene Mariners to Complex Hunter-Gatherers: The Archaeology of the California Channel Islands

California’s Channel Islands were home to some of the most distinctive Native American peoples along the Pacific Coast. Never connected to the mainland during the Quaternary, the Channel Islands have

The protracted Holocene extinction of California's flightless sea duck (Chendytes lawi) and its implications for the Pleistocene overkill hypothesis

Although the extinction of Chendytes clearly resulted from human overhunting, its demise raises questions about the Pleistocene overkill model, which suggests that megafauna were driven to extinction in a blitzkrieg fashion by Native Americans ≈13,000 years ago.

Quebrada jaguay: early south american maritime adaptations

The presence of obsidian at QJ-280 shows that the inhabitants had contact with the adjacent Andean highlands during the Terminal Pleistocene, which extends the South American record of maritime exploitation by a millennium.

Early maritime economy and El Nino events at quebrada tacahuay, peru

The archaeological site of Quebrada Tacahuay, Peru, contains some of the oldest evidence of maritime-based economic activity in the New World, and sediments below and above the occupation layer were probably generated by El Nino events, indicating that El NINO was active during the Pleistocene as well as during the early and middle Holocene.

Monte Verde: Seaweed, Food, Medicine, and the Peopling of South America

Findings support the archaeological interpretation of the site and indicate that the site's inhabitants used seaweed from distant beaches and estuarine environments for food and medicine, consistent with the ideas that an early settlement of South America was along the Pacific coast and that seaweeds were important to the diet and health of early humans in the Americas.

The Archaeology of Ushki Lake, Kamchatka, and the Pleistocene Peopling of the Americas

New radiocarbon dates indicate that human occupation of Ushki began only 13,000 calendar years ago, suggesting that late-glacial Siberians did not spread into Beringia until the end of the Pleistocene, perhaps too recently to have been ancestral to proposed pre-Clovis populations in the Americas.

Certain Crescentic Stone Objects As a Time Marker in the Western United States

A class of pressure-flaked stone objects of crescentic shape made to an easily recognizable pattern is usually associated with surface sites adjacent to continuous or discontinuous bodies of water or

DNA from Pre-Clovis Human Coprolites in Oregon, North America

It is established that humans were present at Paisley 5 Mile Point Caves, in south-central Oregon, by 12,300 14C years B.P, through the recovery of human mitochondrial DNA from coprolites, directly dated by accelerator mass spectrometry.