Palaeosymbiosis Revealed by Genomic Fossils of Wolbachia in a Strongyloidean Nematode

@article{Koutsovoulos2014PalaeosymbiosisRB,
  title={Palaeosymbiosis Revealed by Genomic Fossils of Wolbachia in a Strongyloidean Nematode},
  author={Georgios D. Koutsovoulos and Benjamin L. Makepeace and Vincent N Tanya and Mark L. Blaxter},
  journal={PLoS Genetics},
  year={2014},
  volume={10}
}
Wolbachia are common endosymbionts of terrestrial arthropods, and are also found in nematodes: the animal-parasitic filaria, and the plant-parasite Radopholus similis. Lateral transfer of Wolbachia DNA to the host genome is common. We generated a draft genome sequence for the strongyloidean nematode parasite Dictyocaulus viviparus, the cattle lungworm. In the assembly, we identified nearly 1 Mb of sequence with similarity to Wolbachia. The fragments were unlikely to derive from a live Wolbachia… 

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