Palaeontology: Fossil record of mass moth migration

  title={Palaeontology: Fossil record of mass moth migration},
  author={Jes Rust},
  • J. Rust
  • Published 1 June 2000
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Nature
The fossil record of moths and butterflies is extremely poor in comparison with other winged-insect groups, with only an estimated 600–700 specimens of fossil Lepidoptera being known. Here I report the discovery of huge numbers of lepidopteran fossils (about 1,700 specimens) in marine, diatomous sediments of the Fur Formation from the lowermost Tertiary of Denmark (55 million years old). The abundance of the most common species indicates that mass migrations occurred over the Palaeogene North… 
Preservation and Taphonomy of Fossil Insects from the Earliest Eocene of Denmark
Simple Summary Insect fossils dating 55 million-years-old from the Stolleklint Clay and Fur Formation of Denmark are known to preserve both fine morphological details and color patterns. To enhance
A locust witness of a trans-oceanic Oligocene migration between Arabia and Iran (Orthoptera: Acrididae)
This locust represents the first putative indication of insect migrations between the Arabian-African and Asiatic continents through the Parathetys, probably in relation with the development of open grassland biotas in these areas.
An annotated catalog of fossil and subfossil Lepidoptera (Insecta: Holometabola) of the world
The fossil records of Lepidoptera described formally or informally in the world literature are assembled, with a total of 667 records dealing with at least 4,568 specimens, including lepidopteran fossils which cannot be placed in any taxonomic rank.
The first fossil insect from the deep-water marine Early Miocene of Zillerleite, Germany (Diptera: Bibionidae)
Fossil insects are usually not found in marine outcrops, with the exceptions of the rich outcrops of Early Jurassic of Northern Europe, Late Jurassic of Germany, and Early Paleogene of Denmark. In
High diversity of pimpline parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) from the lowermost Eocene Fur Formation
Drawing conclusions about the taxonomic usefulness of colour patterns observed in Fur Formation ichneumonids are drawn, the number of described species of pimpline parasitoid wasps from Fur is very high when compared to any other fossil deposit, but low with respect to numbers of extant species.
New fossil wasp species from the earliest Eocene Fur Formation has its closest relatives in late Eocene ambers (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pherhombinae)
Darwin wasps (Ichneumonidae) are one of the most species-rich insect families, but also one of the most understudied ones, both in terms of their extant and extinct diversity. We here use
Upper Liassic Amphiesmenopterans ( Trichoptera + Lepidoptera ) from Germany – a review
At least two species of Lepidoptera related to Micropterygidae were found and one species of genuine Trichoptera exhibited sexual dimorphism.
Taphonomy of the Fossil Insects of the Middle Eocene Kishenehn Formation
The lacustrine oil shales of the Coal Creek Member of the Kishenehn Formation in northwestern Montana comprise a relatively unstudied middle Eocene fossil insect locality. Herein, we detail the
Insects from the Lower Toarcian of Middle Europe and England
Lower Toarcian insect localities of Middle Europe and England are reviewed. The insects come from carbonate concretions (jalciferum zone) which are intercalated in Northern Gerrnany within the marine
Upper Liassic amphiesmenopterans [Trichoptera plus Lepidoptera] from Germany - a review
Female terminalia of Necrotaulius resem- bling the ovipositor indicate that these insects laid their eggs rather in soil than in water.


Giant ants from the Paleogene of Denmark with a discussion of the fossil history and early evolution of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Characters which permit classification and placement of the fossil species in the phylogenetic system of extant Formicidae are revealed, and the significance of the new species is discussed in light of the Fossil history and early evolution of ants.
Oldest known pteroplistine cricket and other Gryllidae (Orthoptera) from the Paleogene Fur and Ølst Formations of Denmark
  • J. Rust
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1999
Pteroplistinae are poor flyers, thus their presence suggests near shore conditions of the former marine environment, which is confirmed by analysis of the fish fauna and other insect groups.
Biostratinomie von Insekten aus der Fur-Formation von Dänemark (Moler, oberes Paleozän / unteres Eozän)
The different agents influencing the preservation of fossil insects are revised and it is possible to determine, if extensive material is available for comparison, the systematic position of fragments of insects that are difficult to interpret otherwise.
Migration and dispersal of insects by flight.