Palaeolithic ivory sculptures from southwestern Germany and the origins of figurative art

@article{Conard2003PalaeolithicIS,
  title={Palaeolithic ivory sculptures from southwestern Germany and the origins of figurative art},
  author={Nicholas J. Conard},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2003},
  volume={426},
  pages={830-832}
}
Archaeologists have always viewed the origin of figurative art as a crucial threshold in human evolution. Here I report the discovery of three figurines carved from mammoth ivory at Hohle Fels Cave in the Swabian Jura of southwestern Germany, which provides new evidence for the appearance of figurative art more than 30,000 years ago. The finds include the oldest known representation of a bird, a therianthropic sculpture and an animal that most closely resembles a horse. The Aurignacian… 

A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany

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    Nature
  • 2009
The discovery of a female mammoth-ivory figurine in the basal Aurignacian deposit at Hohle Fels Cave in the Swabian Jura of southwestern Germany during excavations in 2008 is reported, making it one of the oldest known examples of figurative art.

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