Palaeoecological and genetic evidence for Neanderthal power locomotion as an adaptation to a woodland environment

  title={Palaeoecological and genetic evidence for Neanderthal power locomotion as an adaptation to a woodland environment},
  author={John R. M. Stewart and Oxala Garc{\'i}a‐Rodr{\'i}guez and Monika V. Knul and Laurence G. Sewell and Hugh E. Montgomery and Mark George Thomas and Yoan Diekmann},
  journal={Quaternary Science Reviews},

Iberian Neanderthals in forests and savannahs

This article aims to delve into the reality of glacial refuges of forests and tree species (including conifers, mesothermophilous angiosperms and xerothermic scrub) during the cold dry phases of the

A Review of Ethnographic Use of Wooden Spears and Implications for Pleistocene Hominin Hunting

Wooden spears are amongst the earliest weapons known from the archaeological record, with broken and complete examples known from Middle and Late Pleistocene Eurasian, Australian and South American

Four-Field Co-evolutionary Model for Human Cognition: Variation in the Middle Stone Age/Middle Palaeolithic

It is suggested that rather than insisting that Neanderthals were cognitively ‘the same’ as Homo sapiens, it may be useful to focus future studies on Neanderthal-specific cognition that may have been well-developed within their specific context at the time.

Issues of theory and method in the analysis of Paleolithic mortuary behavior: A view from Shanidar Cave

The recent discovery of in situ articulated Neanderthal remains at Shanidar Cave offers a rare opportunity to take full advantage of methodological and theoretical developments to understand Neanderthal mortuary activity, making a review of these advances relevant and timely.

Human athletic paleobiology; using sport as a model to investigate human evolutionary adaptation

A review of how the use of athletes as a model system is enhancing understanding of human evolutionary adaptation is provided, finding that ultra‐endurance challenges provoke functional trade-offs, allowing new ground to be broken in the study of life history trade‐offs and human adaptability.



Neanderthal–modern human competition? A comparison between the mammals associated with Middle and Upper Palaeolithic industries in Europe during OIS 3

It is concluded that competition between modern humans and Neanderthals is not easily demonstrated and that if it did exist it need not have caused Neanderthal extinction.

On Neanderthal Subsistence in Last Interglacial Forested Environments in Northern Europe

There has been considerable debate about Neanderthals’ capacities to survive in interglacial environments, especially the last interglacial, the Eemian, and this paper starts with a short review of

The ecology and adaptation of Neanderthals during the non-analogue environment of Oxygen Isotope Stage 3

The Neanderthal face is not cold adapted.

Rise and Fall of the Beringian Steppe Bison

A detailed genetic history of bison throughout the late Pleistocene and Holocene epochs is reconstructed using ancient DNA and Bayesian techniques to reconstruct a large diverse population living throughout Beringia until around 37,000 years before the present, when the population's genetic diversity began to decline dramatically.

The colonization history of British water vole (Arvicola amphibius (Linnaeus, 1758)): origins and development of the Celtic fringe

An ancient DNA dataset is used to test more directly postglacial histories of the water vole (Arvicola amphibius, formerly A. terrestris), a species that is both a conservation priority and a pest in different parts of its range.

Body proportions in Late Pleistocene Europe and modern human origins.

  • T. Holliday
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of human evolution
  • 1997
Results refute the hypothesis of local continuity in Europe, and are consistent with an interpretation of elevated gene flow (and population dispersal?) from Africa, followed by subsequent climatic adaptation to colder conditions.

Neanderthals as part of the Broader Late Pleistocene Megafauna Extinctions

Book description: What role did Ice Age climate play in the demise of the Neanderthals, and why was it that modern humans alone survived? For the past seven years a team of international experts from


Summary The southern element in Full-glacial floras is thought to be primary except for a small number of derived species. The presence of southern plants in conjunction with northern and montane