Pain relief by transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation with bidirectional modulated sine waves in patients with chronic back pain: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study.

Abstract

Objectives.  Newly developed bidirectional modulated sine waves (BMW) might provide some derived benefit to patients with low back pain. Pain relief by transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) with BMWs was tested. Materials and Methods.  Analgesic effects of BMWs and conventional bidirectional pulsed waves on chronic back pain in 28 patients were… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1403.2007.00086.x

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@article{Shimoji2007PainRB, title={Pain relief by transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation with bidirectional modulated sine waves in patients with chronic back pain: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study.}, author={Koki Shimoji and Norio Takahashi and Yasuyuki Nishio and Mika Koyanagi and Sumihisa Aida}, journal={Neuromodulation : journal of the International Neuromodulation Society}, year={2007}, volume={10 1}, pages={42-51} }