Pain predictability reverses valence ratings of a relief-associated stimulus

  title={Pain predictability reverses valence ratings of a relief-associated stimulus},
  author={Marta Andreatta and Andreas M{\"u}hlberger and Evelyn Glotzbach-Schoon and Paul Pauli},
  booktitle={Front. Syst. Neurosci.},
Relief from pain is positively valenced and entails reward-like properties. Notably, stimuli that became associated with pain relief elicit reward-like implicit responses too, but are explicitly evaluated by humans as aversive. Since the unpredictability of pain makes pain more aversive, this study examined the hypotheses that the predictability of pain also modulates the valence of relief-associated stimuli. In two studies, we presented one conditioned stimulus (FORWARDCS+) before a painful… CONTINUE READING
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