Pain perception in the older patient. Using the pain hologram to understand neck and shoulder pain.

@article{Ray2002PainPI,
  title={Pain perception in the older patient. Using the pain hologram to understand neck and shoulder pain.},
  author={Albert L. Ray},
  journal={Geriatrics},
  year={2002},
  volume={57 12},
  pages={22-6}
}
Pain is a common complaint and its perception is a complex issue. The older person with neck and shoulder pain may have contributions to that pain from multiple and diverse sources. These can range from nociceptive stimulation, neurologic sensitization, emotional issues, socio-cultural biases, cognitive interpretation and meanings of the pain to that person… CONTINUE READING