Pain Perception in Fish : Evidence and Implications for the Use of Fish

@inproceedings{Sneddon2011PainPI,
  title={Pain Perception in Fish : Evidence and Implications for the Use of Fish},
  author={Lynne U Sneddon},
  year={2011}
}
Pain assessment in fish is particularly challenging due to their evolutionary distance from humans, their lack of audible vocalization, and apparently expressionless demeanour. However, there are criteria that can be used to gauge whether pain perception occurs using carefully executed scientific approaches. Here, the standards for pain in fish are discussed and can be considered in three ways: neural detection and processing of pain; adverse responses to pain; and consciously experiencing pain… CONTINUE READING

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