Pain Management: A Fundamental Human Right

  title={Pain Management: A Fundamental Human Right},
  author={Frank Brennan and Daniel B Carr and Michael Cousins},
  journal={Anesthesia \& Analgesia},
This article surveys worldwide medical, ethical, and legal trends and initiatives related to the concept of pain management as a human right. This concept recently gained momentum with the 2004 European Federation of International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) Chapters-, International Association for the Study of Pain- and World Health Organization-sponsored “Global Day Against Pain,” where it was adopted as a central theme. We survey the scope of the problem of unrelieved pain in… 

Legal and Ethical Aspects of Pain Management.

Legal and ethical aspects of pain management are presented, showing patients do have the right to pain management, but patient rights have limits, which may interfere with other competing rights, and also rights of their physicians.

Access to Pain Management as a Human Right.

The nature and content of the obligation in the context of acute, chronic nonmalignant and cancer pain are analyzed and this right is examined in light of the twin crises of inadequate access to pain management and the opioid crisis in the United States and other nations.

Pain management: An ignored medical issue

This work aims to help the budding doctors to grow up not only as a sensible doctor, but also as a great human being, who will give due attention to pain through a holistic tailor-made approach to pain management.

Pain Psychology and the Biopsychosocial Model of Pain Treatment: Ethical Imperatives and Social Responsibility.

It is underscore the ethical imperative to orient students, the public, medical care providers, and mental health professionals to the integral role of psychological factors in the experience of pain.

“Pain Relief is an Essential Human Right”, We Should be Concerned about It

Several lines of evidence indicate that pain education needs to address the affective and cognitive dimensions of pain, and innovations in medical education on pain are needed.

Ethics, law, and pain management as a patient right.

Although pain physicians often like to think of pain management as a human right, it remains difficult to support this position as a point of law or as a matter of ethics.

Legal and ethical perspectives on pain management.

A treatise on the consequences and causes of neglect of pain in medicine, which approaches the questions of pain and pain relief from every direction: as a social issue, an ethical norm, and a legal concern.

Acute Postoperative Pain Management in Elderly Patients

The authors are at an ‘inflection point’ in which unreasonable failure to treat pain is viewed worldwide as poor medicine, unethical practice, and an abrogation of a fundamental human right.

The Right to Pain Relief

To help end their current opioid epidemic and prevent a future epidemic, the authors need to demedicalize pain and reintegrate it with the rest of human suffering as an experience connected to other personal behaviors and meanings.



The development of national guidelines for pain control: synopsis and commentary

  • D. Carr
  • Medicine
    European journal of pain
  • 2001
This survey will highlight recent research that evidence‐based guidelines alone are insufficient to overcome established attitudes, practices and myths that hinder pain assessment and management and suggest suggestions as to how those in the ‘pain treatment community’ may help to tip the balance.

Pain Management and Disciplinary Action: How Medical Boards Can Remove Barriers to Effective Treatment

  • C. S. Hyman
  • Medicine
    Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
  • 1996
Although the problem of undertreatment of pain is multifaceted, this work only addresses how state medical boards contribute to the problem and suggest possible remedies.

Acute Pain Management: Operative or Medical Procedures and Trauma

In addition to reviewing the pain guideline, this article includes updated information on ketorolac tromethamine, tramadol, local anesthetics, sedation, regional anesthetic techniques, and the management of opioid adverse effects.

Working with regulators to improve the standard of care in pain management: the U.S. experience.

  • J. L. Dahl
  • Medicine
    Journal of pain and symptom management
  • 2002

Pain scores: are the numbers adding up to quality patient care and improved pain control?

In the perioperative pain patient, this effort has proven advantageous by insuring that pain complaints will be taken more seriously, and has resulted in standards that require a patient's pain be controlled prior to discharge from the postanesthesia care unit, as documented by specific pain scale values.

Ethics and pain management: respecting patient wishes.

In Search of a New Ethic for Treating Patients with Chronic Pain: What Can Medical Boards Do?

  • A. Martino
  • Medicine
    Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
  • 1998
A review of the available data on state medical board actions nationwide for the period from 1990 to 1996 reveals that the perception of regulatory risk far exceeds the reality.

Improving State Medical Board Policies: Influence of a Model

State medical boards are in a unique position not only to address physicians’ concerns about being investigated, but also to encourage pain management, as a result of a number of barriers in the health care and drug regulatory systems.