Pag3/Papα/Kiaa0400, a Gtpase-Activating Protein for Adp-Ribosylation Factor (Arf), Regulates Arf6 in Fcγ Receptor–Mediated Phagocytosis of Macrophages

Abstract

The Fc g receptor (Fc g R)-mediated phagocytosis of macrophages is a complex process where remodeling of both the actin-based cytoskeleton and plasma membrane occur coordinately. Several different families of small GTPases are involved. We have isolated a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF), paxillin-associated protein with ARFGAP activity (PAG)3/Pap a /KIAA0400, from mature monocytes and macrophage-like cells. Mammalian ARFs fall into three classes, and the class III isoform (ARF6) has been shown to be involved in Fc g R-mediated phagocytosis. Here we report that PAG3 is enriched together with ARF6 and F-actin at phagocytic cups formed beneath immunoglobulin G–opsonized beads in P388D1 macrophages, in which overexpression of ARF6, but not ARF1 (class I) or ARF5 (class II), inhibits the phagocytosis. Overexpression of PAG3, but not its GAP-inactive mutant, attenuated the focal accumulation of F-actin and blocked phagocytosis, although surface levels of the Fc g Rs were not affected. Other ubiquitously expressed ARFGAPs, G protein–coupled receptor kinase interactors GIT2 and GIT2-short/KIAA0148, which we have shown to exhibit GAP activity for ARF1 in COS-7 cells, did not accumulate at the phagocytic cups or inhibit phagocytosis. Moreover, cooverexpression of ARF6, but not ARF1 or ARF5, restored the phagocytic activity of PAG3-overexpressing cells. We propose that PAG3 acts as a GAP for ARF6 and is hence involved in Fc g R-mediated phagocytosis in mouse macrophages.

Extracted Key Phrases

5 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Uchida2001Pag3PapKiaa0400AG, title={Pag3/Papα/Kiaa0400, a Gtpase-Activating Protein for Adp-Ribosylation Factor (Arf), Regulates Arf6 in Fcγ Receptor–Mediated Phagocytosis of Macrophages}, author={Hiroshi Uchida and Akiko Kondo and Yasunori Yoshimura and Yuichi Mazaki and H. Sabe}, journal={The Journal of Experimental Medicine}, year={2001}, volume={193}, pages={955 - 966} }