Pacifier use and short breastfeeding duration: cause, consequence, or coincidence?

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Pacifiers are related to a shorter duration of breastfeeding. However, it is unclear whether this association is causal, because confounding, reverse causality, and self-selection of mothers may play a role. These issues were investigated through a combination of epidemiologic and ethnographic research in southern Brazil. METHODOLOGY A… (More)

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