Pacifier use and short breastfeeding duration: Cause, consequence, or coincidence?

  title={Pacifier use and short breastfeeding duration: Cause, consequence, or coincidence?},
  author={C{\'e}sar Gomes Victora and Dominique Pareja B{\'e}hague and Fernando C.F. Barros and Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto and Elisabeth Weiderpass},
  volume={99 3},
OBJECTIVES Pacifiers are related to a shorter duration of breastfeeding. However, it is unclear whether this association is causal, because confounding, reverse causality, and self-selection of mothers may play a role. These issues were investigated through a combination of epidemiologic and ethnographic research in southern Brazil. METHODOLOGY A population-based cohort of 650 mothers and infants were visited shortly after delivery and at 1, 3, and 6 months. The rate of complete follow-up was… CONTINUE READING
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