Pacemaker Power Sources

Abstract

The first successful clinical pacemaker1 Tused a zinc-mercury primary battery. This same battery (the Rubin-Mallory cell) was to power most implantable pacemakers for the next 15 years, even though it restricted their service life to an average of only two years.2 Since the average patient in complete heart block with Stokes-Adams syndrome survives about… (More)
DOI: 10.1109/MEMB.1984.5006051

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