PVC flooring is related to human uptake of phthalates in infants.

@article{Carlstedt2013PVCFI,
  title={PVC flooring is related to human uptake of phthalates in infants.},
  author={F. Carlstedt and B. Jönsson and C. Bornehag},
  journal={Indoor air},
  year={2013},
  volume={23 1},
  pages={
          32-9
        }
}
UNLABELLED Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) flooring material contains phthalates, and it has been shown that such materials are important sources for phthalates in indoor dust. Phthalates are suspected endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Consecutive infants between 2 and 6 months old and their mothers were invited. A questionnaire about indoor environmental factors and family lifestyle was used. Urinary metabolites of the phthalates diethyl phthalate (DEP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), butylbenzyl… Expand
PVC flooring at home and uptake of phthalates in pregnant women
TLDR
This study has found significantly higher urinary levels of the BBzP metabolite (MBzP) in pregnant women living in homes with PVC flooring as compared to homes with other flooring materials. Expand
Phthalate levels in nursery schools and related factors.
TLDR
This is the first study to verify the sources of phthalates with an XRF analyzer and to evaluate the relationship between phthalate concentrations and PVC-verified materials. Expand
Indoor phthalates from household dust in Qatar: implications for non-dietary human exposure
TLDR
The estimated human non-dietary exposure for children, adults, and toddlers was based on phthalate concentrations (median) and found to be 225 ng/kg bw/day for children. Expand
Prenatal Phthalate Exposures and Anogenital Distance in Swedish Boys
TLDR
These findings call into question the safety of substituting DiNP for DEHP in soft PVC, particularly because a shorter male AGD has been shown to relate to male genital birth defects in children and impaired reproductive function in adult males and the fact that human levels of DiNP are increasing globally. Expand
Vinyl flooring in the home is associated with children’s airborne butylbenzyl phthalate and urinary metabolite concentrations
TLDR
Vinyl flooring in the home may be an important source of children’s exposure to BBzP via indoor air, and indoor air DEHP was not associated with flooring type nor with its urinary metabolite concentrations. Expand
Comparison, association, and risk assessment of phthalates in floor dust at different indoor environments in Delaware, USA
TLDR
Toxicological risk assessment indicated that an investigated daycare center in this study was the only indoor environment that may cause the intake amount of DEHP of infants, toddlers, and children via dust ingestion to exceed the reference dose established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Expand
Phthalates, non-phthalate plasticizers and bisphenols in Swedish preschool dust in relation to children's exposure.
TLDR
It is found significantly lower urinary levels of BPA and metabolites of strictly regulated phthalates, but higher levels of DiNP metabolites, in urine from the children in this study compared to the children who provided urine samples fifteen years earlier. Expand
Maternal and early life exposure to phthalates: The Plastics and Personal-care Products use in Pregnancy (P4) study.
TLDR
Results suggest at least some maternal-fetal-infant transfer of phthalate and that meconium may be a useful matrix for measuring in utero exposure to phthalates. Expand
Phthalate metabolite concentrations in urine samples from Swedish pet dogs
TLDR
The results of this study show that dogs are exposed to and absorb phthalates from the environment, and that dogs living in homes with plastic flooring appear to be exposed and absorb a greater amount of phthalate than dogs living with non-plastic flooring. Expand
Phthalate metabolites in Norwegian mothers and children: Levels, diurnal variation and use of personal care products.
TLDR
Urine samples collected from 48 mothers and their children in two counties in Norway indicated that one spot urine sample can be used to estimate the exposure to phthalates, and the use of personal care products were less associated with morning urine samples than early day and evening urine samples. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Phthalates in Indoor Dust and Their Association with Building Characteristics
In a recent study of 198 Swedish children with persistent allergic symptoms and 202 controls without such symptoms, we reported associations between the symptoms and the concentrations of n-butylExpand
The Association between Phthalates in Dust and Allergic Diseases among Bulgarian Children
TLDR
This study shows an association between concentration of DEHP in indoor dust and wheezing among preschool children in Bulgaria. Expand
Phthalate and PAH concentrations in dust collected from Danish homes and daycare centers
Abstract As part of the Danish Indoor Environment and Children’s Health (IECH) study, dust samples were collected from 500 bedrooms and 151 daycare centers of children (ages 3 to 5) living on theExpand
Phthalate exposure in pregnant women and their children in central Taiwan.
TLDR
Compared to other populations in the world, DEHP derived metabolites in maternal urine were higher, while phthalate metabolite levels in milk and cord blood were similar, and the level ofphthalate metabolites in Milk and Cord blood were comparable to those found in other populations. Expand
Phthalates: toxicology and exposure.
TLDR
This paper presents an overview on current risk assessments done by expert panels as well as on exposure assessment data, based on ambient and on current human biomonitoring results, that prove that the tolerable intake of children is exceeded to a considerable degree. Expand
Occurrence of phthalates and musk fragrances in indoor air and dust from apartments and kindergartens in Berlin (Germany).
TLDR
The phthalate and musk compounds load in a sample of apartments and kindergartens were low with a typical distribution pattern in air and household dust, but without a significant correlation between air and dust concentration. Expand
What are the Sources of Exposure to Eight Frequently Used Phthalic Acid Esters in Europeans?
TLDR
The scenario-based approach chosen in the present study provides a link between the knowledge on emission sources of phthalates and the concentrations ofphthalate metabolites found in human urine, and demonstrates that exposure of infant and adult consumers is caused by different sources in many cases. Expand
Prenatal exposures to phthalates among women in New York City and Krakow, Poland.
TLDR
The results demonstrate considerable phthalate exposures during pregnancy among women in these two cohorts and indicate that inhalation is an important route of exposure. Expand
Baby Care Products: Possible Sources of Infant Phthalate Exposure
TLDR
Infant exposure to lotion, powder, and shampoo were significantly associated with increased urinary concentrations of monoethyl phthalates, monomethyl phthalate, and monoisobutylphthalate and associations increased with the number of products used, and this association was strongest in young infants. Expand
Urinary excretion of phthalate metabolites in 129 healthy Danish children and adolescents: estimation of daily phthalate intake.
TLDR
Danish children are exposed simultaneously to multiple phthalates, and the highest exposure levels were found for DBP(i+n) and DEHP, which in animal models are the known most potent anti-androgenic phthalate compounds. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...