author={David T. Lykken and Auke Tellegen},
Happiness, or subjective well-being, was measured on a birth-record-based sample of several thousand middleaged tvuns using the Well-Being (WB) stale of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire Neither soctoeconomic status, edu( ational attainment, family income, marital status, nor an indicant of religious commitment could account for more than about 3% of the variance m WB From 44% to 52% of the xariance in WB, however, is associated with genetic variation Based on the retest of smaller… 

Figures from this paper

A Measure of Subjective Happiness: Preliminary Reliability and Construct Validation
Using a ''subjectivist'' approach to the assessment of happiness, a new 4-item measure of global subjective happiness was developed and validated in 14 studies with a total of 2 732 participants.
Running Head : FINDING HAPPINESS 1 Finding Happiness : Tailoring Positive Activities for Optimal Well-Being Benefits
" We all live with the objective of being happy; our lives are all different and yet the same. " ~Anne Frank No matter how different people's lives – whether due to age, gender, culture, or life
Happiness and Self-Esteem 1 Running head : HAPPINESS AND SELF-ESTEEM What Are the Differences Between Happiness and Self-Esteem ?
The present study investigated theoretically and empirically derived similarities and differences between the constructs of enduring happiness and self-esteem. Participants (N = 621), retired
Thinkers have discussed the “good life” and the desirable society for millennia. In the last decades, scientists offered several alternative approaches to defining and measuring quality of life:
The Art of Living by Dispositionally Happy People
The cognitive and motivational processes by which happy people are able to artfully sustain their happiness are examined within a subjectivist construal approach. Individuals who perceive themselves
Happy People Become Happier through Kindness: A Counting Kindnesses Intervention
Subjective happiness was increased simply by counting one’s own acts of kindness for one week, and happy people became more kind and grateful through the counting kindnesses intervention.
The Genetic Heritability of Survey Response Styles
This study assesses the genetic heritability of various survey response styles using a classical twin design. The National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) collected in
Birth cohort changes in Chinese adolescents' mental health.
It was found that since the early 1990s, Chinese adolescents' mental health deteriorated across birth cohorts, shown in increased scores on the negative indicators of mental health (e.g. mental problems, anxiety, and depression), whereas self-esteem as a positive trait decreased.
Would You Be Happier If You Were Richer? A Focusing Illusion
It is argued that people exaggerate the contribution of income to happiness because they focus, in part, on conventional achievements when evaluating their life or the lives of others.
Markets, Religion, Community Size, and the Evolution of Fairness and Punishment
Fairness is measured in thousands of individuals from 15 contemporary, small-scale societies to gain an understanding of the evolution of trustworthy exchange among human societies and shows that market integration positively covaries with fairness while community size positively covary with punishment.


Research with Iwins The concept of emergenesis Pswhoph\siolof!
  • 1982
Personality similarity in twins reared apart and together.
The overall contribution of a common family-environment component was small and negligible for all but 2 of the 14 personality measures and evidence of significant nonadditive genetic effects, possibly emergenic (epistatic) in nature, was obtained for 3 of the measures.
The Min nesou Twin Registry Some initial findings
  • Tellegen A
  • 1990
Emergen esis Genetic traits that may not run in famihes
  • Tellegen A
  • 1992