• Corpus ID: 53076485

PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL MARKERS OF OVERREACHING AND OVERTRAINING IN ENDURANCE SPORTS : A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE

@inproceedings{Bell2013PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICALMO,
  title={PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL MARKERS OF OVERREACHING AND OVERTRAINING IN ENDURANCE SPORTS : A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE},
  author={Leonard Bell and Lee Ingle},
  year={2013}
}
We review the latest evidence from studies that have examined psycho-physiological markers of overreaching (OR) and overtraining (OT) in endurance-based sports. MEDLINE (PubMed), SportDiscus©, AdisOnline and Ingentaconnect© were searched without time or language restrictions using free text words. Hand searching was conducted, with searches supplemented by a review of the bibliography of each retrieved article. There were 152 studies identified and associated with OR/OT in the context of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Examining the psychological preparation and management of performance by elite and sub-elite endurance sport performers: a systematic review
Successful endurance performance is commonly attributed to the athlete who possesses the right blend of physical and mental capabilities, to cope with the specific demands of an endurance sport, in
Questionnaire method in the diagnosis of fatigue of 14 and 16 years old sports gymnasts
TLDR
The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the results of the standard psychological questionnaire and two own questionnaires, thus contributing to the development of methods of early diagnosis of the overall fatigue of adolescent top athletes.
Bone Stress Injuries in Collegiate Distance Runners: Review of Incidence, Distribution, and Risk Factors
TLDR
Practical recommendations for collegiate distance runners to take into consideration that may decrease the risk of stress fracture are concluded.
Effects of a Period of HIIT Exercises on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content in Male Mature Rats
TLDR
Considering that HIIT has led to an increase in BMC, it seems that this training method, after considering the scientific exercise principles, can have a positive effect on the individuals exposed to the risk of osteoporosis.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 202 REFERENCES
Overtraining in Athletes
TLDR
An in-depth knowledge of periodisation of training theory may be necessary to promote optimal performance improvements, prevent overtraining, and develop a system for incorporating a screening system into the training programme.
Markers of excessive exercise.
  • D. McKenzie
  • Medicine
    Canadian journal of applied physiology = Revue canadienne de physiologie appliquee
  • 1999
TLDR
There is no single biological marker that is diagnostic of an overtrained state; however, several parameters deserve further study and the time to volitional fatigue on a cycle ergometer at an intensity of 110% of the individual anaerobic threshold represents a possible laboratory test.
Blood Hormones as Markers of Training Stress and Overtraining
TLDR
An intraindividually decreased maximum rise of pituitary hormones (corticotrophin, growth hormone, cortisol and insulin has been found after a standardised exhaustive exercise test performed with an intensity of 10% above the individual anaerobic threshold, suggesting an impaired hypothalamic regulation.
Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the Overtraining Syndrome
TLDR
A “check list” is proposed that might help the physicians and sport scientists to decide on the diagnosis of OTS and to exclude other possible causes of underperformance.
BIOCHEMICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL MARKERS OF OVERTRAINING
TLDR
If an athlete is suspected of suffering from overtraining syndrome, other measures will also required, if only to exclude other possible causes of underperformance including post-viral fatigue, glandular fever, clinical depression, poor diet, anaemia, asthma, allergies, thyroid disorders, myocarditis and other medical problems interfering with recovery.
Monitoring training in athletes with reference to overtraining syndrome.
  • C. Foster
  • Education
    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 1998
TLDR
It was observed that a high percentage of illnesses could be accounted for when individual athletes exceeded individually identifiable training thresholds, mostly related to the strain of training.
Causes of extreme fatigue in underperforming athletes - a synthesis of recent hypotheses and reviews
TLDR
This article reviews and updates the cytokine theories that attempt to explain the aetiology of the debilitating fatigue experienced in OTS/UPS and proposes a time-dependent sensitisation model, which suggests an intolerance/heightened sensitivity to IL-6 during exercise.
TISSUE TRAUMA: THE UNDERLYING CAUSE OF OVERTRAINING SYNDROME?
  • L. Smith
  • Psychology
    Journal of strength and conditioning research
  • 2004
TLDR
The hypothesis proposed in this paper suggests that excessive training/competing causes repetitive tissue trauma, either to muscle and/ or connective tissue and/or to bony structures, and that this results in chronic inflammation.
Ergometric and psychological findings during overtraining: a long-term follow-up study in endurance athletes.
TLDR
A decreased intramuscular utilization of carbohydrates with diminished maximal anaerobic lactacid energy supply during OT is indicated, mainly induced by an increase of exercise intensity.
Hormonal responses in athletes: the use of a two bout exercise protocol to detect subtle differences in (over)training status
TLDR
The results of the case presentation of an overtrained athlete provide evidence of an altered and dysfunctional hypothalamic–pituitary axis response to two bouts of maximal exercise that can be used to develop markers for diagnosis of OTS and to address the pathologic mechanism operative in the syndrome.
...
...