PREVALENCE AND TIME TRENDS OF MYOPIA IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN CHINA: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis.

@article{Dong2019PREVALENCEAT,
  title={PREVALENCE AND TIME TRENDS OF MYOPIA IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN CHINA: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis.},
  author={Li Dong and Yi Kun Kang and Yang Li and Wen Bin Wei and Jost Bruno Jonas},
  journal={Retina},
  year={2019}
}
PURPOSE To estimate prevalence, associated factors, and time trends of myopia in Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science for studies examining the prevalence of myopia in children and adolescents aged 3 years to 19 years in China before October 2018. We pooled the prevalence and associated factors for myopia and estimated time trends. RESULTS In 22 eligible studies including 192,569 individuals, the pooled prevalence (95% confidence interval… 
Prevalence of myopia in Indian school children: Meta-analysis of last four decades
TLDR
Myopia is an emerging public health problem in both urban and rural school going adolescents in India requiring urgent efforts.
Prevalence and time trends of refractive error in Chinese children: A systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
The much higher prevalence of myopia and astigmatism in China compared with foreign countries indicates the important role played by environment and genetic factors and much more attention should still be paid to RE prevention and treatment strategy development in China.
Axial length and its associations in the Ural Very Old Study
TLDR
As in other, younger, populations, axial length and moderate myopia prevalence increased with higher educational level, while highMyopia prevalence was independent of the educational level.
IMI Prevention of Myopia and Its Progression
TLDR
Clinical measures to reduce or slow the progression of myopia include the daily application of low-dose atropine eye drops, and orthokeratology using corneal gas-permeable contact lenses that are designed to flatten the central cornea, leading to midperipheral steeping and peripheral myopic defocus during overnight wear to eliminate daytime myopia.
Prediction of myopia onset with refractive error measured using non-cycloplegic subjective refraction: the WEPrOM Study
TLDR
Of these, non-cycloplegic SE and PRA were the top single predictors, which can facilitate risk profiling for myopia onset, and approximately one in four schoolchildren hadMyopia onset over a 2-year period.
Efficacy and safety of atropine to control myopia progression: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
The effectiveness of atropine in controlling the progression of myopia was dose related, and a 0.05% dose was likely to be the optimal dose.
Prevalence of myopia among urban and suburban school children in Tamil Nadu, South India: findings from the Sankara Nethralaya Tamil Nadu Essilor Myopia (STEM) Study.
TLDR
The baseline prevalence of myopia among 5- to 16-year-old children in South India is larger than that found in previous studies, indicating that myopia is becoming a major public health problem in this country.
IMI Impact of Myopia
TLDR
This review forecasts a future increase in vision loss due to uncorrected myopia as well as high myopia-related complications such as myopic macular degeneration, and the costs will continue to grow.
Auricular acupressure for myopia prevention and control in children and its effect on choroid and retina: a randomized controlled trial protocol
TLDR
This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of auricular acupressure for myopia prevention and control with objective evidence and to preliminarily explore the plausible mechanism and provide reference for adopting this approach to retard the onset and control the progression of myopia.
TuYou-County Pediatric Eye (TYPE) study, design issues, baseline demographic characteristics, and implications
TLDR
Investigation of retinal microvascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) will provide new insights into the control related diseases in school-age children and adolescents in Northern China.
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Incidence and progression of myopia in Singaporean school children.
TLDR
Premyopic children with greater axial lengths, vitreous chamber depths, and thinner lenses were more prone to the development of myopia, after controlling for age, gender, race, reading, and parental myopia.
Prevalence and Related Factors for Myopia in School-Aged Children in Qingdao
TLDR
Age, two myopic parents, and continuous near work time without 5 min rest were risk factors for myopia and Outdoor activities had protective effect for myopic.
Global variations and time trends in the prevalence of childhood myopia, a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis: implications for aetiology and early prevention
TLDR
Rapid increases in myopia prevalence over time, particularly in East Asians, combined with a universally higher risk of myopia in urban settings, suggest that environmental factors play an important role in myopic development, which may offer scope for prevention.
Prevalence, incidence, and progression of myopia of school children in Hong Kong.
TLDR
The results show that the prevalence and progression of myopia in Hong Kong children was much higher than those previously reported in Western countries.
Prevalence of and factors associated with myopia in primary school students in the Chaoyang District of Beijing, China
TLDR
Myopia was significantly associated with parental myopia, reading posture, distance between the eyes and the book being read, font size used in extracurricular reading material, time spent studying at home, and the duration of continuous study time.
Prevalence and associated factors of myopia among primary and middle school-aged students: a school-based study in Guangzhou
TLDR
Female gender, higher grade, longer time spent for near work, shorter distance ofnear work, and parental myopia were shown to be associated with the increasing risk of myopia in children in Guangzhou.
Low prevalence of myopia among school children in rural China
TLDR
A relatively lower prevalence of myopia is reported in school students in rural China, suggesting that Chinese may not have a genetic predisposition to myopia and environmental factors may play a major role in the development of school myopia in Chinese children.
Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Myopia in Inner Mongolia Medical Students in China, a cross-sectional study
TLDR
Myopic status was stable during the university period and genetic factors play a major role in myopia, and Protective measures are useful for university students.
Prevalence and Associated Factors of Myopia in High-School Students in Beijing
TLDR
A prevalence ofAbout 80% for myopia and a prevalence of about 10% for high myopia in students aged 16 to 18 years and attending classes of grade 10 and 11 in a Chinese metropolitan region is another example of the high prevalence of moderate and highMyopia in metropolitan areas of China.
The increasing prevalence of myopia and high myopia among high school students in Fenghua city, eastern China: a 15-year population-based survey
TLDR
During the 15-year period, there was a remarkable increase in the prevalence of high and very high myopia among high school students, which might become a serious public health problem in China for the next few decades.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...