POLLEN TRANSFER AND POLLINATION IN THE COMMON FIG (FICUS CARICA L.)

@article{Galil1977POLLENTA,
  title={POLLEN TRANSFER AND POLLINATION IN THE COMMON FIG (FICUS CARICA L.)},
  author={J. Galil and Gidi Ne’eman},
  journal={New Phytologist},
  year={1977},
  volume={79},
  pages={163-171}
}
Summary The traditional ideas, as to how pollination is achieved in the common fig (Ficus carica L.), are untenable because the very narrow entrance slits of the ostiole render it very difficult for the pollen vector (the agaonid wasp Blastophaga psenes L.) to introduce pollen on its body surface into the female receptive fig. The process is now shown to entail: (a) loading of pollen in the polleniferous fig into intersegmental and pleural invaginations which form in the shrunken body of the… 
BREEDING SYSTEM IN FICUS CARICA, THE COMMON FIG. II. POLLINATION EVENTS
TLDR
A comparative developmental study has demonstrated that the two female floral forms differ from inception and that the SS flower shows sufficient structural divergence to suggest a dysfunction in its ability to set seed (Beck and Lord, 1988).
Seed set in the 'male syconia' of the common fig Ficus carica L. (Caprificus).
TLDR
The results support the contention that the short-styled flowers are fertile female flowers capable of producing normal seeds, and it is likely that consumption of the endosperm by the larvae developing within the ovaries is the stimulus for the development of the unique spongy tissue in the fruits of Caprificus at ripening.
NUMBER AND STRUCTURE OF ANTHERS IN FIG SYCONIA IN RELATION TO BEHAVIOUR OF THE POLLEN VECTORS
TLDR
The complementary nature of the characteristics of the two participants of fig symbiosis is evident, in the context of pollination, because of the great differences occurring in the organization of the androecium of F. carica and F. sycomorus.
CO-EVOLUTION OF FIGS AND THEIR INSECT POLLINATORS
TLDR
The figs and fig wasps are interdependent; generally, their relation is strictly specific-i.e. every species of fig has its own species of pollinator wasp.
Agaonid-Ficus interactions with special reference to pollination ethology
TLDR
The ecophysiological changes in the interior of the ripening fig syconia also play an important role in pollination during the post-emergence behaviour of the males and females in some agaonids.
Floral Characteristics of Ficus curtipes and the Oviposition Behavior of Its Pollinator Fig Wasp
TLDR
It is shown that oviposition behavior in fig wasps is not universal within Ficus and that variation in fig architecture leads to the modification of ovipposition behavior.
The functional implications of active and passive pollination in dioecious figs
TLDR
Comparison of pollination and oviposition process in male and female figs, suggests that stigma shape and function have coevolved with pollination behaviour, in relation to constraints linked with dioecy.
An overview on Ficus pollination
TLDR
The genus Ficus comprises over 750 species that are predominantly found in the tropics and sub-tropics and new cultivars and hybrids of edible figs have been created by artificial pollination with different pollen donors.
Regulation of seed and pollinator production in the fig-fig wasp mutualism
TLDR
Female agaonine fig wasps enter Ficus fruits (figs), where they pollinate the flowers and oviposit into the ovaries of a proportion of the flowers via their styles, to help maintain the evolutionary stability of the fig-fig wasp mutualism.
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TLDR
The fig (Ficus) is absolutely dependent upon pollination by minute agaonid wasps for development of fertile seeds and the New World Tetrapus and some Old World Blastophaga lack pollen-carrying structures and may carry pollen dusted over the body or in the digestive tract.
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