PILOT, GRASP, and VNS approaches for the static balancing of bicycle sharing systems

@article{RainerHarbach2015PILOTGA,
  title={PILOT, GRASP, and VNS approaches for the static balancing of bicycle sharing systems},
  author={Marian Rainer-Harbach and Petrina Papazek and G{\"u}nther R. Raidl and Bin Hu and Christian Kloim{\"u}llner},
  journal={Journal of Global Optimization},
  year={2015},
  volume={63},
  pages={597-629}
}
We consider a transportation problem arising in public bicycle sharing systems: To avoid rental stations to run entirely empty or full, a fleet of vehicles continuously performs tours moving bikes among stations. In the static problem variant considered in this paper, we are given initial and target fill levels for all stations, and the goal is primarily to find vehicle tours including corresponding loading instructions in order to minimize the deviations from the target fill levels. As… 
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