PHYLOGENY, ECOLOGY, AND THE RICHNESS OF PARASITE COMMUNITIES IN VERTEBRATES'

@article{Poulin1995PHYLOGENYEA,
  title={PHYLOGENY, ECOLOGY, AND THE RICHNESS OF PARASITE COMMUNITIES IN VERTEBRATES'},
  author={Robert Poulin},
  journal={Ecological Monographs},
  year={1995},
  volume={65},
  pages={283-302}
}
  • R. Poulin
  • Published 1 February 1995
  • Environmental Science
  • Ecological Monographs
The makeup of parasite communities is the result, among other factors, of interactions between the evolutionary history and ecological characteristics of hosts. This study evaluates the relative importance of some ecological factors (host body size, diet, habitat, latitude, and the mean number of parasite individuals per host) as determinants or correlates of parasite community richness in vertebrates, before and after controlling for potential effects of host phylogenetic relationships. Data… 
Comparing the richness of metazoan ectoparasite communities of marine fishes: controlling for host phylogeny
TLDR
Overall, whereas both water temperature and host size affect the number of parasite individuals that can be harboured by a fish, only temperature appears important as a determinant of ectoparasite community richness.
Comparative Tests of Parasite Species Richness in Primates
TLDR
Host population density, a key determinant of parasite spread in many epidemiological models, was associated consistently with total parasite species richness and the diversity of helminths, protozoa, and viruses tested separately.
SPECIES RICHNESS OF PARASITE ASSEMBLAGES: Evolution and Patterns
TLDR
Overall studies of parasite communities suggest that the action of processes determining species richness of parasite assemblages becomes less detectable as focus shifts from parasite faunas to infracommunities.
Parasite biodiversity and its determinants in coastal marine teleost fishes of Brazil
TLDR
The results suggest that certain host traits determine how many parasite species a host can accumulate over evolutionary time, whereas different host features influence the processes causing the taxonomic diversification of parasite assemblages.
Parasite faunas of freshwater fish: the relationship between richness and the specificity of parasites.
  • R. Poulin
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    International journal for parasitology
  • 1997
The Evolution of Taxonomic Diversity in Helminth Assemblages of Mammalian Hosts
TLDR
A comparative analysis across 110 species of mammalian hosts in which the effects of four host traits on the diversity of their assemblages of helminth endoparasites were evaluated, it was found that host population density correlated positively with parasite species richness.
Host ecology and life‐history traits associated with blood parasite species richness in birds
TLDR
The results suggest that the impact on host fitness caused by avian haematozoa may be underestimated in natural populations if the exacerbated virulence associated with exposure to multiple parasites is not taken into account.
Evolutionary associations between host traits and parasite load: insights from Lake Tanganyika cichlids
TLDR
The results reveal that both host morphology and biotic interactions are key determinants of host–parasite associations and that consideration of multiple aspects of parasite load is required to fully understand patterns in parasitism.
Speciation and diversification of parasite lineages: an analysis of congeneric parasite species in vertebrates
  • R. Poulin
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Evolutionary Ecology
  • 2004
TLDR
Examination of data from helminth parasite communities in 76 species of birds and 114 species of mammals indicates that features other than host body size, host density, latitude, and whether the habitat is terrestrial or aquatic, have been the key driving forces in the diversification of parasitic Helminth lineages.
Parasite species richness in carnivores: effects of host body mass, latitude, geographical range and population density
TLDR
Although it is found that parasite species richness increases instead of decreases with distance from the equator, other comparative patterns in carnivores support previous findings in primates, suggesting that similar ecological factors operate in both these independent evolutionary lineages.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Life history, ecology and parasite community structure in Soviet birds
TLDR
An investigation of parasite richness in relation to host life history and ecology using data from an extensive survey of helminth parasites in Soviet birds finds that several of these were robust to the confounding effects of sample size, all could be explained by the co-variation between life-history traits and body weight among the host species under investigation.
Determinants of host-specificity in parasites of freshwater fishes.
  • R. Poulin
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    International journal for parasitology
  • 1992
THE COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY OF PARASITE SPECIES DIVERSITY: INTERNAL HELMINTHS OF FRESHWATER FISH
TLDR
Most of the ecological covariance of helminth diversity is displayed at rather high taxonomic levels, perhaps because of lag between host evolution and parasite adaptation.
Parasites and Host Geographic Range as Illustrated by Waterfowl
TLDR
A positive relationship between the number of helminth parasite species per host and host species geographic range in Holarctic waterfowl is described.
Parasite communities: patterns and processes.
1 Patterns and processes in helminth parasite communities: an overview.- 2 Host populations as resources defining parasite community organization.- 3 Spatial scale and the processes structuring a
Patterns in helminth communities in freshwater fish in Great Britain: alternative strategies for colonization.
TLDR
Recognition and appreciation of the different colonization strategies of autogenic and allogenic helminths in respect of host vagility and ability to cross land or sea barriers and break down habitat isolation provides an understanding of, and explanation for, the observed patchy spatial distribution of many helminth communities.
CLUTCH SIZE AND EGG SIZE IN FREE‐LIVING AND PARASITIC COPEPODS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
  • R. Poulin
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1995
TLDR
From the family‐level comparative analysis, it appears that the evolutionary transition from a free life to parasitism on invertebrates, and the transition from parasitism at genus or species levels within given taxa of copepods parasitic on fish, have led to changes in life‐history traits in response to the different selective pressures associated with the different modes of life.
A Critical Evaluation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Responsible for Niche Restriction in Parasites
  • K. Rohde
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    The American Naturalist
  • 1979
TLDR
Circumstantial evidence shows that an important factor responsible for niche restriction in parasites is selection to increase intraspecific contact and thus mating, and it is not permissible to use niche differences as proof for competition.
Hosts as Islands
TLDR
Causal mechanisms include the correlation of island area with habitat diversity, and sampling artifact if the number of samples is correlated with island size, as well as the immigration-extinction equilibrium theory (see Connor and McCoy 1979 for review of these hypotheses).
...
...